Set Up An Agricultural Business In Australia: Benefits & Challenges

Looking to set up an agricultural business in Australia? Learn the benefits and challenges of setting up an agricultural business in Australia in 2024-25. Register your business in Australia today with our company formation experts.


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    Australia is now recognized as a global agricultural powerhouse due to its expansive landscapes and bountiful lands. This industry, which employs thousands of people nationwide and contributes significantly to the GDP, is a cornerstone of the Australian economy, spanning from enormous cattle stations to golden wheat fields.

    This article serves as your complete guide to setting up an agricultural business in Australia. We’ll delve into the industry’s potential, navigate the legalities, explore crucial factors for success, and give you the information you need to start your agricultural career.

    Overview of the Agricultural Industry in Australia

    The agriculture industry in Australia produces a wide variety of goods. In addition to being a major producer of wine, fruits, vegetables, and other goods, the country is also a major producer of dairy products, beef, wheat, barley, and wool.

    Numerous elements work together to promote this variety, including:

    • Good Climate: Australia has a range of temperatures that are ideal for a variety of crops and cattle, from the tropical north to the temperate south.
    • Vast Landmass: Australia’s vast landmass provides enough space for agriculture, enabling large-scale production.
    • Innovation and Technology: By implementing techniques that boost productivity and sustainability, Australian agriculture is at the forefront of technological breakthroughs.

    Legal Framework for Starting an Agricultural Business in Australia

    Before delving into the nitty-gritty of setting up your agricultural business, it’s crucial to understand the legal framework governing such enterprises in Australia. The regulatory landscape is primarily overseen by federal, state, and territory governments, ensuring compliance with various laws and regulations related to agriculture, land use, water management, and environmental conservation.

    To legally operate an agricultural business in Australia, you’ll typically need to:

    1. Australian Business Number (ABN): The Australian Business Number is a unique 11-digit identifier is the cornerstone of your business identity. It allows you to enroll for Goods and Services Tax (GST), open business bank accounts, and interact with government agencies. Obtaining an ABN is a straightforward online process.
    2. Business Structure: Choosing the right business structure depends on your risk profile, growth aspirations, and number of partners involved. Sole traders, partnerships, and companies are some common options. Consulting a professional from OnDemand International can help you select the most suitable structure for your venture.
    3. Permits and Licenses: Depending on your specific agricultural activity (e.g., livestock, viticulture), you might require additional permits or licenses. Contact your local Department of Primary Industries (DPI) for a comprehensive list of relevant regulations.
    4. Adhere to Workplace Health and Safety Standards: Put your employees’ safety and well-being first by adhering to workplace health and safety requirements, including providing appropriate training and implementing safety protocols.

    Factors to Consider When Selecting a Location for Your Agricultural Business

    The success of your agricultural venture hinges greatly on the location you choose.

    Several factors should influence your decision, including:

    • Climate and Soil Quality: Evaluate possible sites’ climates and soil qualities to see whether they’re suitable for your intended animals or crops. Australia’s varied climate zones provide chances for a broad spectrum of agricultural pursuits, ranging from grain production in Western Australia’s wheat belt to tropical fruit cultivation in Queensland.
    • Water Resource Access: The productivity of agriculture depends on a steady supply of water. When choosing a site for your farm, take into account its closeness to lakes, rivers, groundwater reserves, and irrigation infrastructure.
    • Market Proximity: Determine how close your selected site is to marketplaces, routes for distribution, and transit systems. This may have an impact on market accessibility, transportation expenses, and crop freshness.
    • Infrastructure and Amenities: Determine whether your agricultural activities and the health and safety of your staff are supported by the presence of vital infrastructure and amenities including roads, utilities, medical centers, and educational institutions.
    • Land Affordability and Availability: Think about the cost and accessibility of land in the area you have selected, accounting for elements like property values, lease terms, and land tenure patterns.

    How to Establish an Agricultural Business in Australia?

    It’s essential to comprehend the legalities associated with starting your firm before venturing into the agricultural sector.

    Registering an agricultural business in Australia follows a systematic process:

    Business Structure

    Choose the structure that will work best for your farming endeavour. A sole proprietor, partnership, company, or trust are among the options. Each structure affects administration, responsibility, and taxes differently.

    Registration of Business Name

    Select a distinctive and evocative name for your farming enterprise, then register the chosen business name with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC).

    Get an Australian Business Number (ABN) 

    An ABN is a special 11-digit number that is required in order to transact business in Australia. Through the Australian Business Register (ABR), you can submit an online application for an ABN.

    Enrol for Goods and Services Tax (GST)

    The majority of goods and services supplied or consumed in Australia are subject to GST. As such, you must register for GST in Australia depending on your anticipated yearly turnover.

    Licenses and Permits 

    Investigate and obtain the licenses and permits that are required for the specific agricultural operations that you engage in. These may include water licenses, environmental permits, and agricultural chemicals licenses.

    Benefits of Starting an Agricultural Business in Australia

    Embarking on an agricultural venture in Australia offers a multitude of benefits, including:

    • Plenty of Natural Resources: Australia has a lot of arable land, different temperatures, and plenty of water resources, all of which make it the perfect place to engage in a variety of agricultural activities.
    • Possibilities for Export: Australia is a major exporter of agricultural products to international markets, with a reputation for high-quality production. This presents profitable prospects for growth and expansion.
    • Government Support: To help agricultural enterprises, the Australian government provides a range of subsidies, incentives, and support programs. These include money for research and development, assistance with exports, and drought relief measures.
    • Technological Advancements: The agricultural industry may become more efficient, productive, and sustainable by implementing cutting-edge technology like automation, precision agriculture, and sustainable farming methods.
    • Diverse Agricultural Sectors: Australia supports a wide range of agricultural businesses, from horticulture and aquaculture to grains and cattle, giving entrepreneurs the freedom to explore different opportunities and niches.

    Challenges of Starting an Agricultural Business in Australia

    While the prospects are promising, starting an agricultural business in Australia comes with its share of challenges, including:

    1. Climate Variability: Droughts, floods, and bushfires are just a few of the extreme weather events that can occur in Australia, putting agricultural productivity and livelihoods at risk.
    2. Market Volatility: Variations in the demand for and price of commodities globally can have an impact on agricultural businesses’ profitability and sustainability, making careful risk management and diversification methods necessary.
    3. Regulatory Complexity: Aspiring agricultural entrepreneurs may find it difficult to navigate through bureaucratic procedures, compliance standards, and regulatory regulations. This requires perseverance, hard work, and expert advice.
    4. Land Ownership and Access: It can be difficult for newcomers and small-scale farmers to get adequate agricultural land and secure tenure agreements due to competition and growing land prices.
    5. Labour Shortages: Seasonal variations, remote locations, and rivalry from other businesses make it difficult for the agricultural sector to find and keep skilled workers.


    Setting up an agricultural business in Australia is a fulfilling but difficult undertaking that calls for meticulous planning, wise judgment, and a dedication to quality. You can create a prosperous agricultural enterprise that has a positive effect on the environment, economy, and society by navigating the legal framework, choosing the ideal location, adhering to the correct procedures, and utilizing the advantages while resolving the difficulties.

    We at OnDemand International are aware of the challenges associated with launching and running a company in Australia. Our team of experts can assist you with business registration, compliance, and other essential services to streamline the process and ensure your success. Contact us today to embark on your agricultural journey in Australia and unlock the full potential of this dynamic industry.


    While formal qualifications and experience in agriculture can be beneficial, they’re not always essential. However, having a solid understanding of agricultural practices, market dynamics, and business management principles can greatly enhance your chances of success.

    Agribusiness profitability can vary based on a number of variables, including input costs, market demand, geography, and industry trends. Grain and cereal production, dairy production, horticulture, and livestock farming are among Australia’s most lucrative industries.