Enterprise Value Of A Business: Definition, Importance & Formula

An enterprise value of a business is the key financial metric used to determine the total value of a business which includes equity as well as debt-related holdings.


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    Enterprise Value Of A Business

    Concept enterprise value has been one of the most important elements that determine the value of business nowadays, in place of capitalization on equity markets. The enterprise value of a business forms the base for mergers and acquisitions which are currently taking place. There are a variety of reasons companies are seeking EV over other types of valuation. To comprehend the concept behind EV one must go deeper into the idea.

    This article discusses the notion of Enterprise Value of a business and its importance to a company.

    Enterprise Value

    In simple terms, an enterprise value of a business is the key financial metric used to determine the total value of a business which includes equity as well as debt-related holdings. The EV is the total market value and not an equity valuation. Let’s take for instance the mortgaged house. Its Enterprise property’s value is the value of the entire house, as well as its market capitalization for the property, which would be the total of the mortgage outstanding and the value of the mortgage.

    Importance of Enterprise Value Of A Business

    The significance of the notion of the Enterprise value of a business has been examined as follows:

    • To determine the worth of a business: EV of a business helps business organizations in determining the overall worth of a business.
    • Denotes the value of the business: EV signifies the economic worth of the business.
    • Represents the takeover cost: EV represents the potential takeover cost of the target company as well as the amount of cash and debt the acquiring company will receive.
    • To make comparatives: EV allows you to compare the capital structures of companies that have diverse capital structures. EV can also assist in the evaluation of capital-intensive companies.
    • Makes it simpler to evaluate expected returns: The EV feature makes it simpler for stock market investors to assess the expected returns more efficiently and mitigate the risk presented by the market.

    Formulae For Calculating The Enterprise Value Of A Business

    There are two ways of formulating the EV of the company. They are the following:

    A simple formula to calculate

    Enterprise value =  Equity value + Debt – Cash

    The extended formula to calculate

    Enterprise Value = Market Capitalization + Preferred Stock + Outstanding Debt + Minority Interest – Cash and Cash Equivalent

    Market Cap = No. of shares outstanding * Current price of shares + the company’s obligations (both short- and long-term)

    Components Of Enterprise Value Of A Business

    The primary components that makeup Enterprise value are:

    1. Equity value: The equity value of a business is calculated by multiplying the fully diluted shares by the current price. It also includes convertible and warrants securities in addition to the basic shares.
    2. Preferred Stock: These are hybrid securities that have characteristics that combine debt and equity. In spite of this, the preferred stock is considered to be a debt-related component of the EV of a business since they pay dividends in a set amount and have a preference for common stock. If they are acquired, acquired, they are the first in line in the process of paying off their debts over common stocks.
    3. Total debt refers to the total amount paid to creditors and financial institutions. Total debt is comprised of both short-term and long-term loans. The debt amount is adjusted by subtracting cash since when acquiring a firm the cash generated by the company is initially used for the payment of debt.
    4. Minority interest: It comprises subsidiaries that don’t belong to the parent, but are included in the financial statements that the parent business produces. Minority interest is included when calculating the EV since its cash flows are an element of the total revenues generated by the parent company.
    5. The cash and cash equivalents are: This component includes cash and other securities which can be converted to cash easily like commercial papers such as short-term investments, marketable securities, etc which have maturity less than 90 days. They are taken out of the EV as they decrease the acquisition cost of the business.



    In closing the study, it is remembered that calculating the value of an enterprise is as crucial as knowing the equity capital of the company since it allows the promoters to calculate the amount they can earn after selling the business and paying off its debts.

    So, if you still have any queries or other queries related to the enterprise value of a business we are ODINT Consultancy. We’re we are here to assist you at each step of your way.


    Enterprise value (EV) refers to the company’s total value, as determined by its financing. It is the sum of the current share price (market cap) and the cost of paying off debt (net debt or debt minus cash).05/Jul-2022

    Cash is subtracted from the Enterprise Value formula as it is a non-operating asset. Equity Value, which is implicitly included in Enterprise Value, accounts for it.

    Higher debt is associated with higher enterprise values because it adds cost to any potential acquirer.

    The Enterprise Value of a business is the business’s value as determined by certain financial performance indicators. After making adjustments for cash, debt, and working capital, Equity Value is the amount that a buyer will pay a seller to purchase a business.