Establish a Private Company in Poland: Polish Sp. Z.o.o Company

Sp. z.o.o is the most widely legally recognized entity within Poland. Let's understand how to establish a private company in Poland with a complete guide from registration to other documentations as well.


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    Establish a Private Company in Poland: Sp. Z.o.o

    Numerous entrepreneurs move to Poland either to expand their business or set up a new one. This is because Poland has one of the lowest taxation rates in the European Union and provides a business-friendly environment. However, while setting up a business, one of the most crucial factors to consider is the type of company you wish to register in Poland. One of the most widely used legal entities in Poland is to set up a Private company in Poland.

    If you want to start a business in Poland, then a Polish LLC, which is a limited liability entity, abbreviated Sp. z.o.o is one of the most suitable options for you. It is suitable for medium and large businesses and is popular with investors due to it is the case that the founders are only accountable for the amount of capital invested. 

    It is recommended for investors who want to invest in a company with a smaller amount of shareholders. This is also recommended to investors who are company shareholders who wish to supervise the company’s operations.

    Characteristics of Polish Sp. z.o.o Company

    A Polish Limited Liability Company is a kind of company that is a legal identity and is incorporated by several individuals or legal entities. The minimum capital for shares required to form a Polish Sp. Z.o.o is 5,000 PLN.

    The share capital is split into shares that may be equal or different in value. The amount required must have been paid completely prior to when the LLC is approved by the National Court Register. 

    The shareholders are able to raise the capital of an SP. z.o.o by a specific amendment to the Articles of Association. The rights of shareholders include the ability to vote as well as the ability to be paid dividends & the right to receive a portion of the company’s assets in the event of liquidation of the company. 

    Shareholders are entitled to organize their meetings at the location in which the registered office is situated or in a different place if it is specified by the Articles of Association.

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    Requirements for Registration of Private Limited Liability Company (SP Z.O.O) in Poland

    • Minimum authorized capital required equals PLN 5,000. In addition, all of the amount stated must be paid at the time of registration.
    • SP z.o.o. is able to have only one founder, if he is an actual person with at minimum two shareholders if the shareholders have corporate status.
    • A secretary for the business is not required.
    • The company can issue preferred and registered shares;
    • The shareholders’ meetings (directors) must be held each year;
    • SP z.o.o. company in Poland must submit audited financial statements within 3 months after the conclusion of the following financial year;
    • Information about beneficial owners could be made public by the ruling of the court that oversees the registries
    • A name for the business in Poland must be prepared in Polish.

    Procedure to establish a private limited company in Poland

    A private limited company can be formed either electronically via the S24 platform or traditionally via the notary public.

    Creating a corporation via digital enrollment with S24

    Polish citizens that utilize the online platform S24 can easily set up a corporation in Poland. A business can be enlisted by filing an online form.

    Foreigners wishing to start a business in Poland could face difficulties because they are not listed in the Polish registries or are S24 consumers. Moreover, much of the registration procedure for a Polish corporation is conducted in Polish. This method is mostly suitable for small firms having standard bylaws.

    Creating a corporation the conventional way via a notary public

    Below are the steps to register a firm:

    • Draft the Articles of Association of the firm.
    • Deposit PLN 5,000 to form a private limited firm and acquire evidence of paid share capital.
    • Sign the rental contract for the office, which will serve as the corporation’s official location for all communications.
    • Finish the enrollment papers and submit them to the Polish Register Authorities. Any errors in the paperwork should be rectified and resent.
    • The business will be assigned an organization number in the KRS register after properly registering.
    • The company also has to enroll for VAT.

    Taxes in Poland

    It is worth noting that in the past years, the tax system of Poland has drastically changed. The reason for this is to provide more flexibility in the tax system and to bring it into the tax system of the other countries of the European Union. A company’s registration in Poland allows for paying:

    • Taxes on any earnings (regardless of the place from which the profits were made)
    • Corporate tax rate of 19 percent.

    Be aware that all transactions with currency in Poland are subject to the strict examination of the governing bodies to safeguard the currency of the country.

    More than 80 agreements regarding the avoidance of double taxes have been signed-in Poland.

    In Poland, there are more than 10 free economic zones, in which businesses have the option of claiming a complete exemption from tax payments. The exemption is granted for up to five years.


    Presently, Poland is a state with a stable system of government and a constantly expanding economy. Entrepreneurs prefer Poland because it is one of the biggest manufacturing centers in the EU. Moreover, Poland offers affordable labor and government assistance, making it a desirable location for businesses. One of the business structures you can select when incorporating a company in Poland is creating a private limited company. In order to form SP z.o.o a minimum of one founder and at least 5000 PLN are required.

    If you are looking to register a private company in Poland, we are OnDemand International. We would be happy to assist you in registering your business in Poland and will further help you gather the required documentation.


    A Polish limited liability company abbreviated as Sp. z.o.o is the most frequently utilized legally recognized entity within Poland.

    Poland was given the reputation of being suitable for business. Poland has a higher rank than most nations as well as being the CEE region’s top performer.