Estonian Economy: Economic Rankings and Foreign Direct Investment Explained

The Estonian economy's prosperity is credited to its stable political climate, robust banking sector, and reliable institutions. This article will look into the remarkable foreign direct investment environment of the country.

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Estonia has made significant progress towards achieving higher economic growth since acquiring independence. Estonia’s economic prosperity is credited to its stable political climate, robust banking sector, and reliable institutions. Numerous international investors have established enterprises in Estonia due to the country’s quick economic 

estonian economy

reforms, economic westernization, creativity, and willingness to accept foreign direct investment.

In actuality, the Estonian economy’s dependable and secure internet service is one of the factors that has allowed it to weather the economic impact of the epidemic better than other countries.

Overview of the Estonian economy

Estonia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) dropped 0.60% during the first half of 2023. Individual consumption is predicted to be modest, but investment is predicted to expand slowly as financial conditions become tighter. Economic development is anticipated to pick up momentum in 2024 with rising real disposable incomes as a result of lower inflation and rising salaries. Estonia’s GDP is anticipated to increase by 3.1% in 2024. Such a solid annual growth rate is predicted as households’ real earnings are expected to increase due to higher wages and reduced inflation, which will support increased consumption. 

The nation’s unemployment rate is low, at 5.9%, and there are new occupations available for individuals as a result of technical improvements and widespread internet accessibility. The Estonian government is putting more effort to reduce income inequality within the populace and catch up with the digital revolution. With one of the economies in the world seeing the fastest economic development, Estonia has welcomed several foreign investments. 

Through the digitization of public services, Estonia is continually expanding its information and technology industries. By employing digital channels and technology, the government wants to boost the performance of the Estonian economy. Estonia is equipping individuals with the necessary skills and high-quality infrastructural facilities in order to support small and medium-sized businesses in the nation.

Economic freedom in the Estonian economy

The Estonian economy ranks sixth among the freest economies as per the 2023 report on Economic Freedom with a value of 78.6. Estonia has been ranked third among 44 nations in the European Union, and its general ranking is much higher than the average for the EU and the entire world.

Foreign direct investment in Estonia

Estonia is among the top nations in Central and Eastern Europe for the amount of foreign direct investments per capita. The nation has made significant advancements in the green industries, biotechnologies, and IT sectors, appealing to foreign direct investment in Estonia. The government of Estonia places a high priority on promoting entrepreneurship through adaptable, needs-based regulations. Consequently, the nation now provides a straightforward, open, and flexible business climate, one of the key drivers of foreign direct investment in Estonia.

Estonia's stagnant economy

The growth of real gross domestic product is predicted to be low in 2023, at -0.4%, due to rising inflation, tightening financial circumstances, and sluggish economic expansion in the key trading partners’ countries. However, private consumption is expected to increase in 2023 as a result of a healthy employment market and a more positive consumer attitude. Even yet, people are probably going to keep spending less frequently given the decline in purchasing power brought on by rising inflation. Thus, it is envisaged that real private consumption would only have a small impact on GDP in 2023 before rebounding in 2024 as inflationary pressures subside and real wages increase. 

As a result of stricter financing circumstances, investment is also predicted to rebound in 2023 but will expand only moderately before recovering substantially in 2024. All significant industries are experiencing a decline in sentiment, especially construction businesses. Net exports are expected to remain negative due to the anticipated poor economic growth in Estonia’s trading partners in the Nordic region. 

A solid 3.1% annual growth rate is predicted for 2024 as households’ real earnings are expected to increase as a result of higher salaries and lower inflation, which will support increased consumption. According to positive trends in the primary export destinations, exports are anticipated to rise.

Estonia’s ranks in various indexes

estonian economy score as per the economic freedom index
  • As per the 2022 International Tax Competitiveness Index Rankings, Estonia is ranked in first place.
  • As per the Corruption Perceptions Index, the Estonian economy is ranked in the 14 place which makes the nation a country with the lowest rates of corruption.
  • Estonia is ranked third worldwide by the Global Cybersecurity Index (GCI).
  • In the latest World Bank annual rankings for ease of doing business, Estonia is rated 18th out of 190 nations.
  • In the Digital Economy and Society Index for 2022 published by the European Commission, Estonia came in 9th place out of every member nation of the EU. 


The Estonian economy is defined by its adaptability and innovation. With its strict fiscal policies, extensive land ownership flexibility for foreigners, and 100% profit repatriation, Estonia is among the most corporate-friendly nations not just in Eastern and Central Europe but also globally.

If you wish to know more regarding the Estonian economy, speak with experts from odint Consultancy. You have to be familiar with all aspects of the Estonian economy if you intend to enter the economy. Understanding the economy will enable you to analyze the benefits and drawbacks of entering the nation more effectively.


Estonia’s solid foundation, governmental stability, prudent fiscal policies, and burgeoning financial industry all contribute to the country’s having one of the world’s strongest economies.

Estonia has made significant advancements in the domains of information technology, biotechnology, and green technologies, attracting FDI from overseas. The country currently offers a transparent, open, and flexible business climate, which is one of the major variables affecting foreign direct investment in Estonia.

Many things contribute to the nation’s prosperity, including a balanced budget, free trade arrangements, a thriving banking sector, and an environment that promotes investments.

It is simple to do business in the Estonian economy as the nation has been ranked in the 18th position for ease of doing business index. Additionally, there is also a low level of corruption in Estonia which is beneficial for individuals entering the country.