Comprehensive Guide on India-Poland DTAA

In this article, we will be explaining about India-Poland DTAA, shedding light on its significance, provisions, and benefits for those exploring opportunities in both countries.


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    india-poland dtaa

    India-Poland DTAA

    Are you an entrepreneur who is engaged in cross-border activities within India and Poland? If so, you should be aware that your commercial activity in both countries may require you to pay taxes on both nations which can lead to double taxation. 

    For businesses and individuals venturing into cross-border activities within India and Poland, navigating the complexities of double taxation can be a daunting task. In order to deal with such a situation, India and Poland have negotiated the double taxation avoidance agreement. The Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs) offer a much-needed lifeline, streamlining tax regulations and fostering economic cooperation. 

    In this article, we will be covering the India-Poland DTAA, shedding light on its significance, provisions, and benefits for those exploring opportunities in both countries.

    Understanding India-Poland DTAA

    Imagine earning income in Poland while being a resident of India. You’d face the prospect of paying taxes on the same income to both countries, a scenario known as double taxation. This not only imposes an unjust burden but also deters international trade and investment.

    DTAAs come to the rescue by establishing clear rules on where and how income arising in one country should be taxed in the other. These agreements ensure fair treatment for foreign taxpayers while safeguarding the tax interests of both nations involved.

    Significance of the India-Poland DTAA

    The double taxation avoidance agreement between India and Poland, signed in 1989 and amended in 2013, plays a crucial role in facilitating economic and investment relationships between the two countries. It promotes stability and transparency for cross-border transactions by making tax obligations clear for both individuals and companies doing business in Poland as well as India.

    Key Provisions of the India-Poland DTAA

    The agreement covers various aspects of income taxation, including:

    • Business Profits: Businesses with permanent establishments (PEs) in the other country are taxed on profits attributable to that PE. Specific rules define what constitutes a PE, ensuring clear demarcation of taxable income.
    • Royalties, Interest, and Dividends: The agreement outlines the taxing rights for royalties, interest, and dividends that are generated in one nation and given to citizens of another. In addition to guaranteeing adequate revenue collection for both countries, this avoids double taxes.
    • Capital Gains: The agreement specifies how capital gains from real estate and other assets located in either nation will be taxed.
    • Personal Services: Certain provisions shield inhabitants of one nation from double taxes on income received from professionals who work in that nation.

    Benefits of the India-Poland DTAA

    This agreement offers numerous advantages for individuals and businesses:

    Decreased Tax Burden: 

    The agreement reduces your tax burden and boosts profitability by doing away with double taxation.

    Investment Certainty: 

    Predictability and encouragement of cross-border investments are provided by clear tax regulations.

    Administrative Ease: 

    Administrative expenses and responsibilities are decreased by streamlined compliance processes.

    Dispute Resolution Mechanisms: 

    Built-in mechanisms facilitate amicable resolution of tax disputes.

    Eligibility Criteria: Who Can Benefit?

    The DTAA applies to:

    • Residents of India and Poland, including individuals, companies, and partnerships.
    • Income arising in one country and beneficially owned by residents of the other.

    How to Claim the India-Poland Treaty Benefits?

    To claim the benefits of the India-Poland DTAA, taxpayers must follow these steps:

    • Determine Tax Residency: Establish whether you qualify as a resident of India, Poland, or both countries under the residency rules outlined in the agreement.
    • Acquire a Tax Residency Certificate: Ask the appropriate tax authorities in your home country for a Tax Residency Certificate (TRC), if necessary. The TRC may be required in order to make a claim for treaty benefits and acts as proof of residency for tax purposes.
    • Submit Relevant Documentation: When filing your tax returns or claiming treaty benefits, make sure you have all the supporting evidence you need, including TRCs and other documents.
    • Avail Treaty Benefits: Once your eligibility is confirmed, you can avail of the benefits provided by the DTAA, such as reduced withholding tax rates or exemptions on certain types of income.


    The India-Poland Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement plays a vital role in promoting bilateral trade and investment between the two nations. The agreement’s provision of transparency, stability, and tax savings for taxpayers involved in cross-border transactions makes it a vital component in promoting economic cooperation and fortifying the bonds between Poland and India. Understanding its key provisions, benefits, and eligibility criteria is essential for taxpayers seeking to leverage the advantages offered by this important bilateral agreement.

    If you are looking to set up your business in Poland, you may speak with our experts from OnDemand International. Our experts will be glad to assist you in registering your business in Poland. 


    Dividends, interest, royalties, capital gains, and other income streams are all covered under the DTAA.

    The agreement employs mechanisms such as tax credits or exemptions to ensure that income subject to taxation in both countries is not taxed twice.

    Depending on the provisions of the DTAA and the requirements of the tax authorities, you may need to obtain a Tax Residency Certificate to claim treaty benefits.