Professional Tax Rates in India in 2022: Meaning, Factors & Present Scenario

Eventually, we’ll go into greater detail regarding professional tax rates in India & how they differ from individual to business tax rates. So, without any further assistance let’s get started.


    Note:This form is not for job seekers or salary employees. Thank you.

    Table of Contents

    Professional Tax Rates for India

    Professional Tax Rates in India

    If you’ve ever paid close on your pay slips you’ll notice an amount deducted for each month in the category of “Professional Tax’. The deduction is made together with HRA, basic salary , and conveyance costs (if relevant ).

    Individuals who get earnings through the practice of a profession, vocation, employment, or trade are subject to the professional tax which is a direct tax. In India, the government of a state or union territory is responsible for collecting professional tax, as opposed to the Central Government, which is responsible for income tax. Professional tax rates and rules are unique in the various states of India. This is because most Indian states, but not every state, implement a professional tax.

    Eventually, we’ll go into greater detail regarding professional tax rates in India & how they differ from individual to business tax rates. So, without any further assistance let’s get started.


    What's Professional Tax?

    Taxes for professionals are a form of tax that is imposed by the state government on any individual who earns a living via any means. It is not to be confused with the term “professional” which refers to people like doctors. 

    This tax is due to each individual’s earnings. The amount and calculation will differ from one state to the next, but there is a limit of the amount of Rs. 2500 per calendar year. 

    Down below we’ve listed down the list of various types of taxes that applies to individual and business as per the professional tax rates in India.

    Revenue Tax

    The tax on income in India is imposed at both the state and central levels. The tax rate at the central level is currently 20 percent. 

    The rates for state income tax differ from state to state however they are generally smaller than that of the central tax rate. For instance, Tamil Nadu is a state in Tamil Nadu has a state income tax rate of 10 percent.


    Customs duties are an import tax charged on various goods that are imported into India from other foreign countries. The rate of customs duty currently is 10%.

    Service Tax

    Tax on services in India is imposed on services offered to Indians as well as Indian residents. The rate for service tax currently is 12%.

    Wealth Tax

    In India, the wealth tax India can be described as an indirect taxation method that is employed to collect revenues from high-net-worth individuals as well as families. 

    The Current Professional Tax Rates in India

    In India, the tax rates for both individuals and companies range between 10 and 30%. The rates are updated and reviewed each year by Indian government.

    The most significant taxes Indian citizens have to pay is taxes like the Central Sales Tax (CST) and the Value Added Tax (VAT).  CST is a tax that applies to all sales. CST is an additional tax imposed on the sale of goods and services within the country. 

    The VAT tax is imposed on all kinds of sales, which includes personal services. There are additional taxes that affect specific companies or industries. For instance, businesses that generate electricity must pay a tax separate from electricity production, called The Power Transaction Tax (PTT). 

    This tax is used to finance projects to enhance the infrastructure for energy in India. The tax rates of India are regularly updated so that individuals and businesses keep abreast of the most current developments.

    Tax Rates of Individuals for 2022

    When the year 2022 comes to the end of its run, it’s crucial to be aware of the tax rates currently in effect applicable to citizens of India. 

    Here’s a quick overview of the tax rates currently applicable to those living in India:

    Personal earnings tax for citizens of India has been set at 10 percent. This applies to both corporate and individual tax on income. The tax rate on capital gains for the individual within India currently is 20%. This includes both individuals as well as corporate capital gains tax.

    The estate duty fee for a property that is transferred during the lifetime and within 3 years of the death is 0%. The GST (Goods and Tax on Services) rate for every service and good is currently 18 percent. This includes central and state GST rates.

    Tax Rates for Business in 2022

    The tax rates currently in India for 2022 are:

    In the case of income tax, the base tax rate for income tax of individuals will be 10 %. Higher-income earners are taxed at a rate of 15%. There are additional tax rates imposed on dividends, capital gains income, as well as other incomes.

    Corporate Tax In India, the corporate tax rate India is 30%. This covers all kinds of business, from small-scale businesses to multinational corporations. Value Added Tax (VAT) rate in India is 12% or 18%. It is applicable to all things from food items and drinks to clothing and other accessories.

    What factors affect the state's Tax Rates?

    One of the major elements that influence a tax rate of a state is its GDP. GDP is a measurement of the country’s economic performance. It impacts the tax rates of the state since it determines the amount of taxes the state can collect.

    Another element that affects the tax rates of a state is its population. The amount of people living in the state influences the amount of tax a state can collect since it determines how much state revenue the state can collect.

    The state’s tax rates are also influenced by the stability of its politics. A stable and stable government capable of maintaining its control over tie increase the chance that the state can keep its tax rates high.

    Who is liable for the collection and payment of professional tax?

    Workers’ employers are responsible for deducting and paying professional tax to the appropriate state government according to the applicable rate slab, as well as applying for and acquiring professional tax registration certificates. People who work as freelancers without hiring others have to sign up for this tax according to the state government’s specified tax bracket.

    Who pays the corporate tax?

    In India taxes on corporate profits are paid by a corporation in its name, and not the shareholders individually. That means that businesses that earn profits have to pay taxes on their earnings regardless of the person who holds the company.

    Corporate tax rates in India are 30%. This is less than the average global rate of 34%, however, it is more than the median rate of 25% in developed nations.

    One of the main reasons for this rate is the fact that India seeks to stimulate the growth of businesses and investment. The government believes it is vital for businesses to earn money to pay the expenses of welfare programs such as health care and education.

    People who earn income from shares in an organization are taxed at the personal tax, which is different according to their income. The group with the lowest income pays 10% tax, whereas those in the most lucrative group pay 20%.

    Characteristics of Professional Tax


    For Workers: People who receive a monthly salary or who work in professions, trades, or other paid occupations.

    Employers: Employers are those in the public, commercial, and governmental sectors who pay their workers’ salaries or wages.


    The state government predetermines the rate of professional tax based on the wages of workers or monthly revenue thresholds.  


    Employers typically need to get an enrolment certificate in order to be tax-liable.

    Professional tax must be collected from employees by their employers and deposited within the allotted time frames.

    The professional tax on pensions is not due to pensioners.


    Delay in filing a professional tax return, improper enrollment, etc. are some penalties.

    Tax Exemptions for Agricultural Activities

    One of the most significant tax breaks for taxpayers in India includes the exclusion of agriculture. This exemption lets farmers pay less tax on their earnings. 

    The government also has added other incentives like interest-free loans and no-cost land to motivate farmers to invest in agriculture. 


    While there have been a couple of changes recently made to the tax rate, however, generally speaking, taxes are rising as the Indian economy continues to expand. India has attractive tax rates, making it a desirable location for companies. The nation strives to promote economic development and stimulate investments by utilizing a progressive tax structure and a variety of subsidies. While tax rates differ depending on earnings and the kind of company operations, they are generally intended to encourage entrepreneurship and create an atmosphere where firms can prosper. 

    Through this article, we have briefly discussed the professional tax rates in India. If you’re still having questions regarding the professional tax rates in India, we are ODINT Consultancy. We are here to assist you in every way.


    The method of payment is through the division of the tax due for professional professionals each year into equal installments which are due every month and not counting the one in February that is higher than the other months.

    Aids in avoiding penalties It is mandatory for professionals to make payments of Professional tax in accordance with the law. Thus, timely payment of Professional tax will aid in avoiding penalties as well as any punitive action taken against an employer or self-employed individual

    A professional tax is defined as a tax that is imposed by a state-run government on any individual who earns their living through any means.

    Yes, professional tax is a requirement. It is mandatory to pay when you are salaried. This means that you earn an annual salary for the work you do.