Poland-Germany DTAA: Complete Guide

The Poland-Germany DTAA is a bilateral agreement between the two nations Poland and Germany aimed at preventing the possibility of double taxation on the same earnings in both jurisdictions


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    Poland-Germany Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement

    For foreign entrepreneurs and investors, navigating the tax landscape of a new market can be a daunting task. Double taxation, where income is taxed in both the home nation and the host nation, can be a significant deterrent to cross-border business ventures. Thankfully, the  Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) between Poland and Germany offers a solution, promoting economic cooperation and making Poland an even more attractive destination for German businesses.

    Understanding Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA)

    Before delving into the specifics of the Poland-Germany DTAA, let’s unravel the concept of double taxation avoidance agreements. Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement is a bilateral agreement between two nations aimed at preventing the possibility of double taxation on the same earnings in both jurisdictions. In essence, it prevents taxpayers from paying taxes on the same income twice, which encourages investment and trade across international borders.

    Benefits of the Poland-Germany DTAA 

    The Poland-Germany DTAA holds significant benefits for both businesses and individuals involved in cross-border activities. 

    Here are some key advantages:

    • Decreased Tax Liability: Companies that are established in Poland and Germany can avoid paying taxes twice on earnings made in each nation. This can result in substantial cost savings and improved cash flow.
    • Enhanced Transparency: Tax planning and compliance are made simpler by the DTAA’s clarification of tax laws for both nations. This lessens uncertainty and enables companies to concentrate on development and expansion.
    • Enhanced Trade and Investment: The DTAA promotes more trade and investment between Germany and Poland by doing away with double taxation. This opens up new economic options for enterprises in both nations.

    Key Provisions of the Poland-Germany DTAA

    The Poland-Germany DTAA encompasses various provisions aimed at facilitating seamless cross-border transactions.

    Some key provisions include:

    • Residence: The DTAA defines tax residency for individuals and companies, determining which country has the primary taxing right on their income.
    • Permanent Establishments: The agreement clarifies the concept of a “permanent establishment” (PE), which triggers taxation in the source country. This is especially crucial for companies with operations in both Poland and Germany.
    • Dividends: The DTAA generally caps the amount of withholding tax that can be deducted from dividends given by firms to each other’s residents.
    • Interest: Withholding taxes on interest payments made by citizens of both nations to each other may be reduced or eliminated under the DTAA.
    • Royalties: The DTAA outlines the rules for taxing royalties paid for intellectual property rights, such as patents and copyrights.
    • Capital Gains: The DTAA specifies which nation has the authority to tax capital gains from the sale of assets, such as real estate or shares.

    Effect on Trade and Investment between Poland and Germany

    The Poland-Germany DTAA serves as a catalyst for robust trade and investment relations between the two nations.

    Its impact is manifold:

    Enhanced Investment Flows

    The DTAA encourages investor confidence, which boosts investment flows across a range of industries, including services, technology, and manufacturing.

    Strengthened Bilateral Ties 

    The agreement opens the door for greater cooperation and partnerships between Poland and Germany by reducing tax-related obstacles.

    Promotion of Small and Medium-Sized Businesses (SMEs) 

    SMEs can investigate new markets and extend their activities internationally because they have lower tax obligations.

    Economic Development and Job Creation 

    As investment flows rise, so do job openings and economic growth, which benefits both countries’ general well-being.

    Taxation of Various Income Streams under the DTAA

    The Poland-Germany DTAA provides specific rules for taxing various income streams.

    Here’s a brief overview:

    • Dividends: Generally, a 5% withholding tax applies to dividends paid between subsidiary and parent companies. In some circumstances, the withholding tax may be lowered to 0%.
    • Interest: Withholding tax on interest payments can be reduced to 10% or even eliminated under certain conditions specified in the DTAA.
    • Royalties: Royalties for intellectual property rights are generally taxed in the country where the rights are used. The DTAA may limit the withholding tax on royalty payments.
    • Capital Gains: Capital gains on the sale of immovable property are typically taxed in the country where the property is located. Gains from the sale of shares in a company may be taxed in the country of residence of the seller.


    The Poland-Germany Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement serves as a cornerstone for fostering business growth, promoting investment, and strengthening bilateral relations. Its rules provide enterprises and individuals working between Poland and Germany with clarity, predictability, and substantial benefits.

    At OnDemand International, we understand the complexities of international business operations and offer tailored solutions to streamline the process. From business registration services to comprehensive support in establishing a company in Poland, we ensure a professional and hassle-free experience. With our expertise and personalized approach, you may start your entrepreneurial journey with confidence. Contact us today to register your business.


    By preventing double taxes on income earned in Germany and Poland, the DTAA relieves individuals and promotes investment and employment across borders.

    Yes, DTAA exists in numerous countries worldwide, offering similar benefits to taxpayers operating in multiple jurisdictions.