How to Form an LLC in the Netherlands: Process & Benefits

In this article, we have discussed about how to form an LLC in the Netherlands. Read the complete article to know more regarding process & Benefits.


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    Table of Contents

    LLC in the Netherlands

    What is Dutch LLC?

    A Dutch LLC, also known as a limited liability company or Besloten Vennootschap (BV) in Dutch, is a popular legal entity for businesses in the Netherlands. Shareholders are provided with limited liability protection, enabling them to protect their assets from any financial obligations or debts incurred by the business.

    A BV is an independent legal entity from its shareholders, enabling it to engage in contractual agreements, possess assets, and operate commercial activities under its name. This provides a level of legal protection and flexibility for entrepreneurs looking to establish their business presence in the Netherlands.

    How to Form an LLC in the Netherlands?

    Forming an LLC in the Netherlands, required basic steps to follow. Below is a simplified handbook to assist you in comprehending the process:

    • Choose a unique business name: To commence, you must select an exclusive business name for your Dutch LLC. The chosen name must not be already claimed by another enterprise in the Netherlands. You can verify the availability of your preferred name by accessing the Dutch Chamber of Commerce (Kamer van Koophandel) website.
    • Draft the articles of association: The articles of incorporation show the internal framework and guidelines of your limited liability company. It contains elements such as the company’s name, address, objective, share capital, and managerial hierarchy. 
    • Appoint a director: Your Dutch LLC must have at least one director who will be responsible for managing the company’s affairs. The director can be an individual or a legal entity. It is important to ensure that the appointed director meets the legal requirements and has the necessary qualifications, if applicable.
    • Register with the Chamber of Commerce: To form your LLC, it is essential to complete the registration process with the Chamber of Commerce. You will be required to submit the relevant paperwork, including the articles of association, identification proof for the director(s), and any additional documentation that may be necessary. Upon successful registration, you will be issued a distinctive Chamber of Commerce number exclusively for your LLC.
    • Open a bank account: Opening a business bank account for your Dutch LLC is crucial. It enables you to maintain a clear distinction between your personal and business finances, while also ensuring adherence to financial regulations.

    What are the requirements to register a Dutch LLC?

    The certain requirements to register a Dutch LLC are:

    • Minimum share capital: The minimum required share capital for a Dutch LLC is €0.01. This means that you can establish a company with a minimal investment. However, it is important to consider the financial needs of your business and determine an adequate share capital to support its operations.
    • Registered office address: Your Dutch limited liability company is required to have a registered office address in the Netherlands. This particular address will serve as the official point of contact for all correspondence and legal matters. It can be a physical office or the address of a registered agent.
    • Director(s) and shareholders: A Dutch LLC must have at least one director and one shareholder. The director(s) can be of any nationality and reside anywhere in the world. Shareholders can be individuals or legal entities.
    • Articles of association: The internal regulations and governance structure of your Dutch LLC are detailed in the articles of association. These articles must adhere to Dutch company law and encompass crucial information such as the company’s name, purpose, share capital, and management structure.
    • Financial statements and audits: Dutch limited liability companies are obligated to compile yearly financial statements in compliance with Dutch accounting standards. Depending on the scale of your enterprise, an audit might also be necessary. These financial statements need to be submitted to the Chamber of Commerce.

    What are the key benefits of Dutch LLC?

    Dutch LLCs offer several key benefits that make them an attractive choice for businesses. Here are some of the advantages:

    • Limited liability: A key advantage of a Dutch LLC is the safeguarding of limited liability. Shareholders are not held personally accountable for the company’s financial obligations and debts, except for the extent of their investment in the share capital. This protects their assets from business-related risks.
    • Flexible management structure: Dutch LLCs have a flexible management structure, allowing for various management roles and responsibilities. This provides entrepreneurs with the freedom to design a management structure that suits their business needs.
    • International credibility: The Netherlands has a well-established and reputable business environment. By establishing a Dutch LLC, your business can benefit from the country’s international credibility and favorable business climate. This can enhance your reputation and attract potential investors or business partners.
    • Tax advantages: The Dutch tax system offers several advantages for businesses, including favorable tax rates, tax treaties, and incentives for research and development. These tax benefits can help optimize your company’s tax position and increase profitability.

    How much does it cost to set up an LLC in the Netherlands?

    The cost of setting up an LLC in the Netherlands can vary depending on various factors. Here are some of the costs to consider:

    • Notary fees: A notary is required to draft the articles of association and witness the formation of the Dutch LLC. Notary fees can range from €500 to €1,500, depending on the complexity of the company’s structure and requirements.
    • Chamber of Commerce registration fees: When registering your Dutch LLC with the Chamber of Commerce, you will need to pay registration fees. These fees typically range from €50 to €100, depending on the type and size of your business.
    • Share capital: While the minimum required share capital is €0.01, you may choose to invest a higher amount to support your business operations. The share capital can be used for initial expenses, such as office rental, equipment, and marketing.
    • Other costs: Additional costs may include obtaining specific licenses or permits, professional translations, and ongoing compliance requirements.

    What is the Taxation for LLCs in the Netherlands?

    Dutch LLCs are subject to corporate income tax on their worldwide profits. The corporate income tax rate in the Netherlands is currently set at a flat rate of 15% for profits up to €245,000 and 25% for profits exceeding that threshold. However, there are certain tax benefits and incentives that can reduce the effective tax rate.

    • Participation exemption: Under the participation exemption regime, profits and capital gains derived from qualifying shareholdings in other companies may be exempt from taxation. This can be beneficial for Dutch LLCs with subsidiaries or investments in other companies.
    • Tax treaties: The Netherlands has an extensive network of tax treaties with other countries, which can help prevent double taxation and provide tax advantages for cross-border activities. These treaties often include provisions for reduced withholding tax rates on dividends, interest, and royalties.
    • Innovation box: The innovation box regime offers a reduced corporate income tax rate of 9% on qualifying profits derived from innovative activities, such as patents, software, and certain types of intellectual property. This can significantly reduce the tax burden for Dutch LLCs engaged in innovative activities.
    • Research and development incentives: The Netherlands provides various incentives and tax credits for research and development activities. These incentives aim to encourage innovation and stimulate economic growth. Eligible expenses related to R&D can be deducted or eligible for tax credits.


    Are you interested in establishing an LLC in the Netherlands? Get in touch with us now to receive customized support and expert advice every step of the way. Forming an LLC in the Netherlands provides numerous advantages, such as limited liability protection, a flexible management structure, international credibility, and favorable tax benefits. While the costs of setting up an LLC may vary, it is crucial to consider the long-term advantages and potential for growth in the Dutch business landscape. By comprehending the requirements and taxation regulations, entrepreneurs can make well-informed decisions and successfully establish a Dutch LLC.