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International Business Environment

The international business environment(IBE) is the ground on which international companies operate their business. The international business environment is essential for the economy of the country.

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Table of Contents

Overview: International Business Environment

The trading of goods, as well as services in a worldwide market, is known as an international business. we can also say that it is the globalization of trade.

The international business environment (IBE) is the ground on which international companies operate their business.

international business environment

The international business environment is essential for the economy of the country. the international business environment plays a crucial role in the growth and development of the economy of the country. different aspects like cultural differences, political risks, legal and taxation issues, and exchange risks are included in the International business environment. people on managerial levels should be compulsory in initiating the factors that work in the international business environment.

Forms of business environments

Business forms can be categorized in the terms of relativity, dynamics of the nature, specific and general forces, uncertainty, and totality of internal force.

The key elements that influence business environments are legal, political, social, economic, and technological factors.

Forms of international business environments

 The different forms of international business environments include- licensing, franchising, joint venture, cross-border trade, and foreign direct investments (FDI).

Types of the International Business Environment

There are various types of international business environments. they are as follows

International business environment and political environment

The government’s relations with businesses and different political risks are included in the political environment of the business. A businessman will have to deal with different political scenarios and government and their policies when they have to do trade in another country.
They will have to take many things into consideration while doing trade in other countries This includes knowing the political system of business in that country, incentives offered by the government, governments approach towards business, import and export laws of that particular country, formalities for starting a new business in that country, import and export laws, and laws regarding the pricing of the goods.

International business environment and economic environment

The factors that contribute to the country’s attractiveness towards foreign businesses. it is different from one country to another country. higher education levels, better healthcare, usage of high technologies, and better infrastructure system are part of a better economy. Better economies attract foreign investors to that country. The more developed countries are rich and underdeveloped countries are poor. The industrializing countries are moving from poor to rich. this categorization depends upon the gross domestic product(GDP) of the country.
A businessman needs to evaluate the economy of the country before starting his business out there. they also need to consider factors like the economic system in which they want to start their business and the pace at which the economy is growing in that particular country. GDP levels and per capita income of the country. direct and indirect taxations of that country, availability of raw materials and their supplies, availability of skilled labor in that country, cost of the raw materials, etc.

International business environment and the technological environment

The factors related to the types of machinery and raw materials used in the manufacturing of goods are referred to as the technological environment. New technologies often give organizations a fair advantage over others. this is why organizations are competing to get the latest technologies available in the market.

The cultural environment in the international business environment 

It’s one of the important components of the international business environment. the general values and beliefs shared by the nation are referred to as the national culture of that country. there are many factors that influence the formation of core values and beliefs of the nation. these include region, language, political system, history, religion, and education levels.

The competitive environment and international business environment

The competitive environment that exists in a country depends on the political, economic as well as cultural environment of that country. Different sources constitute the competition among the organizations, it can be from the public or private sector, large or small organizations, and global or domestic organizations.

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Benefits of International Business Environments

  • It unites and brings nations together- We know that trade makes us better off. trade between counties would improve their conditions and relationships with each other.
  • It increases employment opportunities- Employment would increase as people would get more exposure and there would be an increase in the exchange of ideas and capital across the borders.
  • Equal growth in wealth and availability of goods and services
  • A new environment of development, stability, modernization, and technology across the world.
  • Helps businessmen across the world in expanding their business- We know that it is very important for businesses to expand in or outside their domains to earn more profits and give better goods and services to people of other countries
  • Your products and services would get exposure from more customers across the globe- Businessmen would want their goods and services to get more exposure and the international business environment would give them that benefit.
  • Proper management of product life cycle
  • Helps in attaining mutual growth

Technological environment in an international business environment

The technological environment includes forces related to scientific improvement and innovations which provide a new way of manufacturing products or delivering new services and operating businesses.

Let us take some example

  • People using online payment methods instead of paying in liquid money
  • People using online shopping platforms instead of purchasing from the market
  • Ordering food online and getting it delivered to your doorsteps
  • Electronic items got cheaper over the year due to technological advancement

These are some of the examples in which technological advancement had played a huge role. There are many other examples like technological advancement in healthcare which is saving many people’s life and money. Shifting from offline classes to online classes in the time of the pandemic.

Foreign investors are attracted to highly technologically advanced countries.

Economic environment in an international business environment

The economic environment refers to all forces and fares which directly influence the economy of the country. the economic environment consists of the gross domestic product, national income, productivity and unemployment rates, and industrial, monetary, and fiscal policies of the country.

Some aspects of the economic environment are:

  • An increase in GDP would result in the disposable income of the people and the demand for the goods will increase.
  • High inflation rates are set as a constraint as it would increase the cost of production of the goods
  • A decrease in the interest rate is beneficial and there would be an increase in the demand for home loans and borrowing money.
  • The passing of the GST bill will affect almost all organizations
  • The Demonetization of currencies had a huge impact on the Indian economy
  • The financial sector changes have prompted numerous appealing schemes of lending and depositing money. The offshore bank is offering loans at an extremely low rate of interest and with the least formal documentation.

Read More: Tools for International Business Environment Analysis

Competitive environment in the international environment

The competitive environment comprises the actions of the competitors and how that impacts the businesses irrespective of the domain. this could be direct or indirect competition. In the competitive environment, organizations study each other and do the planning to be at the top of the list. 

Example: JIO vs Airtel – this is direct competition in the Indian telecom industry. Sometimes customers benefit from the competition as they would get products or services for a lower price.

Cultural environment in the international business

The cultural or the social environment consists of the beliefs and customs in the society in which the business operates.it includes standard of living, education levels, taste, and preference of the society in which the business operates or functions. the businessman cannot overlook elements of the social or cultural environment as these would have an impact on the business in the long run. 

For example, many foreign food outlets initially struggled to run their business in India as their food items were not the part of the diet of the common man of India. hence they had to change their menu in order to be successful in India. This is not the case just with the food brands.
Even other foreign manufacturers had to alter their product lines in order to be successful in the Indian market. Indian market is very price sensitive and manufacturers have to price their products rightly in order to sustain in the Indian market. similarly, each country has its own market trends to which brands alter their products, services, and pricing.

Read More: FSSAI License Registration 

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Conclusion

In this article, we had a glance at the international business environment, forms of the business environment, forms of the international business environment, types of the international business environment, and the benefits of the international business environment. The article has given a good depth analysis of each category mentioned above.
The article has also given details and examples of the economic environment in the international business environment, the competitive environment in the international business environment, and the impact of the cultural or social environment on the international business environment. This article also emphasizes why people in managerial roles should take decision-based in the international business environments.

FAQ’s

The international business environment(IBE)  is the ground on which international companies operate their business. The international business environment is essential for the economy of the country. the international business environment plays a crucial role in the growth and development of the economy of the country.

  • It unites and brings nations together
  • It increases employment opportunities
  • Equal growth in wealth and availability of goods and services
  • A new environment of development, stability, modernization, and technology across the world.
  • Helps businessmen across the world in expanding their business
  • Your products and services would get exposure from more customers across the globe
  • Proper management of product life cycle
  • Helps in attaining mutual growth

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