Start Your Sole Proprietorship in Quebec: Registration Process & Benefits

Ths article is about how you start your Sole Proprietorship in Quebec in 2023-24. Read the complete guide to know more about registration process and benefits.


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    If you are contemplating the initiation of a small enterprise in Quebec, opting for a sole proprietorship might prove to be an appealing choice. This uncomplicated business framework enables you to function as a self-employed person or an independent contractor. Within this comprehensive manual, we will provide you with a step-by-step explanation of how to officially register your business as a sole proprietorship in Quebec. Additionally, we will emphasize the advantages, tax benefits, and crucial factors that you should bear in mind.

    What do you mean by Sole Proprietorship in Quebec?

    The most prevalent business structure in Canada is a sole proprietorship, wherein a single individual owns and manages the business. Unlike a corporation, a sole proprietorship does not have a distinct legal identity apart from its owner. Consequently, the owner bears personal responsibility for all financial and legal obligations of the business. Furthermore, the owner is required to report the business income on their personal income tax return.

    How to Register a Sole Proprietorship in Quebec?

    Now that you understand the benefits and tax advantages of operating as a sole proprietorship, let’s dive into the process of registering your business in Quebec.

    1. Determine Your Business Name

    Selecting a business name is the initial step in the registration process for your sole proprietorship in Quebec. If you plan to operate under your exact legal name or a slight variation of it, you may not need to register a business name. If you wish to conduct business under a distinctive name, it is necessary to complete the registration process. It is important to select a name that adheres to the regulations established by the Registraire des entreprises in Quebec.

    2. Conduct a Name Search

    Before registering your business name, it is crucial to perform a thorough name search to verify the availability of your desired name and ensure that it is not already being used by another business. You can perform a name search through the Démarrer une entreprise service online, or you can visit one of the registry offices in Quebec City or Montreal in person.

    3. Complete the Declaration of Registration Form

    To establish your sole proprietorship in Quebec, it is necessary to complete a Declaration of Registration form. This form gathers crucial details about your business, such as your name, address, primary activities, and contact information. Additionally, the form mandates the endorsement of an authorized representative.

    You can conveniently access the Declaration of Registration form online via the Démarrer une entreprise service. The form is available in French, so it’s important to have a good understanding of the language or seek assistance from a professional translator if needed.

    4. Submit the Form and Pay the Registration Fee

    Upon finishing the Declaration of Registration form, it is necessary to submit it to the Registraire des entreprises. There are various methods available for submitting the form:

    • Online submission through the Démarrer une entreprise service.
    • In-person submission at one of the registry offices in Quebec City or Montreal.
    • Mailing the form to the Registraire des entreprises if you are located outside of Quebec City or Montreal.

    Please be aware that a registration fee is required for submitting the Declaration of Registration. As of 2022, the fee is $37 for standard service or $55.50 for priority service. The registration process usually takes one business day to complete, although it may be expedited if you are not registering a business name for your sole proprietorship.

    What are the Benefits of Starting a Sole Proprietorship in Quebec?

    There are several benefits to registering your business as a sole proprietorship in Quebec. Let’s explore some of the key advantages:

    • Simple and Fast Registration: The registration process for a sole proprietorship is both simple and efficient, enabling you to commence your business promptly and avoid any unnecessary delays.
    • Cost Efficient: Sole proprietorships offer a cost-effective solution for small businesses and startups due to their lower registration and ongoing maintenance expenses, in contrast to other business structures like corporations. This affordability factor makes it an attractive choice for entrepreneurs looking to minimize costs.
    • Dynamic: As the sole proprietor of your business, you possess full autonomy over all business decisions. You have the authority to modify your operations, pricing, and marketing strategies without the necessity of extensive consultations or approvals.
    • Taxation Beneficiary: Sole proprietorships offer certain tax advantages, such as simplified income tax filings and the ability to deduct home office expenses. We will discuss the tax considerations in more detail later in this guide.

    What are the tax benefits of registering a Sole Proprietorship in Quebec?

    One of the key advantages of operating as a sole proprietorship in Quebec is the potential tax benefits. Here are some of the tax considerations you should be aware of:

    1. Simple Income Taxes

    Filing income taxes as a sole proprietor is generally easier compared to filing taxes for a corporation. As a sole proprietor, you report your business income and expenses on your personal income tax return. This simplifies the tax filing process, especially if your business operations are relatively straightforward.

    2. Home Office Deductions

    If you operate your sole proprietorship from a home office, you may be eligible to deduct a portion of your living expenses to reduce your taxes. ThCanada Revenue Agency (CRA) allows eligible expenses such as rent, utilities, and maintenance costs to be deducted if they are directly related to your business activities. However, it’s important to ensure that your home office meets the CRA’s criteria for eligibility.

    3. GST and QST Registration

    In general, businesses operating in Quebec are required to register for the Goods and Services Tax (GST) and Quebec Sales Tax (QST). However, there are exemptions for sole proprietorships if their annual taxable sales are below a certain threshold. If your business generated less than $30,000 in a given calendar quarter or in the four preceding calendar quarters, you may be exempt from GST and QST registration.

    Registering for GST and QST voluntarily, even if your business income is below the threshold, can have its advantages. It allows you to charge clients the taxable amount, claim tax credits for GST or QST paid on business expenses, and present a more professional image to your clients.

    5. Yearly Registration Renewal

    After successfully registering your sole proprietorship, it is necessary to renew your registration annually. This involves paying the annual registration fee of $37 and submitting an Annual Updating Declaration form to ensure that all your business information is up to date. If there are no modifications to announce, you have the option to submit a combined tax return for both your sole proprietorship and personal income tax.

    What is the registration fee for Starting a business in Quebec?

    The cost of incorporating provincially in Quebec under the Business Corporations Act amounts to CAD 367. Federal incorporation in Quebec starts at CAD 200, accompanied by a CAD 35 charge for a self-filed NUANS name search report.

    How do I Acquire an NEQ Number?

    An NEQ (Numéro d’entreprise du Québec) is a 10-digit identifier assigned to your business upon registration with the Registraire des entreprises. You will automatically receive an NEQ number once your registration is complete.


    Starting your sole proprietorship in Quebec offers you a simple and economical approach to kickstart your small business. By adhering to the instructions provided in this extensive manual, you can effortlessly manoeuvre through the registration procedure. It is advisable to seek guidance from experts like tax advisors or legal professionals to guarantee conformity with relevant laws and regulations. With careful planning and proper registration, you’ll be well on your way to running a successful sole proprietorship in Quebec.