Company Limited By Shares – Meaning, Examples & Formation

Companies Act, 2013 states "A company limited by shares is one in which the members' liability is limited by the amount not paid on the shares they hold.


    Table of Contents

    Company Limited By Shares

    Overview: Company Limited By Shares

    A Company limited by shares might have its capitalization restricted depending on the percentage of investors who loaned money on their interests. This restricts the financial position of a business and just the capital back if it goes bankrupt or suffers a significant financial failure. 

    A limited-by-shares corporation is an independent body distinct from its directors of the enterprise. It can sign agreements as a firm and own possession on its behalf because it can operate on its own as a corporate personality. Shareholders are only liable for debts and obligations limited to the number of their interests in the business. There are no individual valuables at stake. The corporate tax, not payroll taxes, are levied on legal entities. This may make a significant difference to you, but consult your professional to see if it is significant.

    Organizations with a shareholding must have a culture of integrity. This increases the confidence of the public in your firm and certainly appears more genuine to associates, employees, and purchasers. 

    Features Of Company Limited By Shares

    Features of company limited by shares
    • The controlled corporation is considered to be formally independent. As a result, the organization has the benefit of surviving further than the lives of its founders.
    • A corporation’s joint-stock will prove to be very helpful in raising funds and protecting their firm’s name by trading stocks to all the other people.
    • The owners will only be responsible for paying that the business will incur based on their amount of funding, and nothing more. The above are among the major remarkably and precedence of running a business as a limited company.
    • Unless the corporation is faced with economic difficulties, the individual money and retirement investments of the investors are safeguarded. The personal partnership is especially crucial for businesses that wish to ensure superior offerings that may result in complaints and obligations in the streetscape.
    • A stakeholder in such a corporation has a benefit since the profit earned from the assets are not chargeable. Furthermore, restricted firms are only charged on their earnings, hence they are not subject to the tax increases that apply to general partnerships.

    What Ltd. (Limited)?

    A limited company is a type of organization in which the investors’ consequential damages are constrained. It is associated with businesses in Australia, the United Kingdom, and India. It may have more than one representative who acquires a portion of the company. Such individuals can simply sell their shares in the company.

    LTD could be used instead of LLC or partnership firm in several countries. These restrict a company’s employees’ and investors’ potential liability and provide financial benefits. The LTD is presumed to be commercially held in the United Kingdom. 

    Classification Of Ltd. (Limited)

    Limited companies are further classified into two parts:

    • Company limited by guarantee
    • Public limited company

    Company Limited by Guarantee

    company limited by guarantee is identical to a business limited by shares, while it has executives who are responsible for everyday operations. Each penny of profit earned by the firm is put back into it. Non-profit associations, such as community centers, employees’ unions, and community entities, frequently incorporate limited-by guarantee businesses to enrich from restricted financial obligations.

    A business limited by guarantee, unlike limited by shares, does not have any shareholdings or investors; instead, it is held by sureties who decide to pay a specified sum forward towards the firm’s debts. Additionally, revenues will normally not be transferred to the guarantee because they will be again invested in the firm to help advance the firm’s non-profit aims. If any revenues are paid to the proprietors, the company’s decision to qualify for non-profit status is forfeited.

    Public Limited Company

    Not like other company arrangements such as general partnerships, the corporation operates as an independent body from its proprietors, providing liability and financial security.

    It is a corporation run by executives and financed by stockholders. A public limited business can sell its stock to the general public. Additional duties that an open limited company must meet as a result of becoming public include additional tax administration and making accounting records so that potential investors have all the knowledge they require before engaging. A public limited business, like a privately owned company, is traded on the stock exchange and must have greater transparency and the public should be aware of its information than a privately owned company.

    Advantages Of Company Limited By Shares

    • The fundamental benefit of a legitimate enterprise joint-stock is that the investors’ accountability is restricted. Numerous organizations faced budgetary constraints during the great crisis, particularly harmed their profitability and viability.
    • During this time, one benefit of online restricted firms was that the economic share capital was limited to the outstanding stocks which they held in the firm. As a result, if a company limited by shares runs into the event of financial difficulties and has to close down, stockholders will not lose their financial property.
    • When a personal corporation is registered, it’s a separate organization with the ability to claim damages, as well as possess possessions from its proprietors.
    • Investors who desire to drop their prices to a third party are unable to do so. Investors must therefore consent to the purchase and distribution of assets. Threats of predatory practices are unlikely. 
    • Unless the owners die or quit the organization, it will remain intact. A sole proprietorship varies from a company limited by shares in that some of it is held by a specific citizen who is completely liable for the firm’s liabilities and is fundamental to its systematic existence.


    Disadvantages of Company Limited By Shares

    • It could be a drawback since this limitation on the transfer of securities reduces the choices invested by the owners to dispose of existing shares to obtain funds for several other ventures.
    • Among the most significant disadvantages of a company limited by shares is that it demands at least 2 executives and investors. A company limited by shares cannot be formed by a solo businessman who desires to establish and run a firm on his wish. It might restrict the firm’s advancement, notably if the executives or owners are already at odds.
    • By encouraging the public to register for its assets, a limited corporation is precluded from soliciting donations for its enterprise. This might be a hindrance to the company’s future objectives and development.
    • The procedure of establishing a limited entity of share capital lasts much longer and costs more money than registering a single partnership or a job title.
    • Each year, the company must hold business meetings, open meetings, have the affairs in order, keep a regulatory inventory, and submit an expected turnover with the Records Office. A corporation will also have to comply with any appropriate income and employment rights in addition to the organizational regulatory requirements.


    In all of its reports with the trading platform and discussions with owners, a company limited by shares should preserve openness in its activities and provide considered effectiveness of relevant events. Furthermore, placement on the marketplaces is not required. A corporation may decide to list to provide stability to its investors and to gain financing.


    Those having an absolute revenue of 400 crores or below that during the preceding year are charged at 30% of personal earnings, while those with overall revenue of 400 crores or more are charged at 25% of personal earnings.

    A local business can incorporate as a body, corporate with the Indian state. In the perspective of providers, new buyers, and international banks, it provides their legitimacy and a favorable picture of their organization. It aids the firm in acquiring credit with a minimum bank or possible client adherence while entering agreements.