8 Legal Entities in Ireland: Compliances, Advantages & Additional Information

In this article, we will be briefing you about the legal entities in Ireland that are in operation & the various types of companies in Ireland to form. Without any further worry, let’s jump into it.

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If you’re planning to establish an Irish business, it’s crucial to select the appropriate types of companies in Ireland for your business.

Eventually, there are a variety of legal entities in Ireland that are available. Most of the type of companies in Ireland are privately limited. 

legal entities in ireland

Depending upon the type of companies you are operating and the types of legal entities, there are a range of choices to pick from when you are establishing either a limited liability and an unlimited corporation in Ireland

In this article, we will be briefing you about the legal entities in Ireland that are in operation & the various types of companies in Ireland to form. Without any further worry, let’s jump into it.

Numerous Types of Legal Entities in Ireland

Down below we’ve listed the numerous types of legal entities in Ireland & the correct types of companies in Ireland for your business setup.

types of companies in ireland

Private Company Limited by Shares (PCL)

A PCL by shares is one of the most often utilized types of companies in Ireland for private and commercial businesses. Shares in the Irish PLC by shares are acquired by shareholders. The liability of shareholders is restricted to the amount of shares they own. 

The firm is a diverse legal commodity and separate from the people who manage it. There is an upper limit of 149 shareholders in the case of an LTD. In contrast to other Irish businesses an LTD can possess a sole director, but in this case, requires a secretary to be appointed separately. 

If a private limited company is owned by a single shareholder, it is referred to as a sole Member Company. Small or medium-sized businesses must only submit abridged audited accounts that contain a small amount of data at the Companies Registration Office (CRO). 

The Audit Exemption can be accessed when the turnover is below EUR 8,300,000. An yearly return has to be registered each year at the Company Registrations Office regardless of whether the industry has operated or not.

Designated Activity Company (DAC)

A designated activity business is a brand new legal entities in Ireland that passed into effect with the New Companies Act 2014, which took effect on June 1st, 2015. A DAC contains a constitution paper which contains an article of association

It has a limited liability and is a share capital company or is a private limited company by guarantee. It must be run by at least two directors. Each & every directors should be above the age of 18. The company’s name must begin with “Designated Activity Company” or “Cuideachta Ghniomhaiochta Ainmnithe” unless excluded. 

 The companies that may use the structures of a DAC business in Ireland are:

  • Companies are Limited by Guarantee whilst possessing the capital of a share.
  • Companies formed for an exclusive or specific objective for which legal reasons want to have their company power restricted (e.g. for example, a Joint Venture).
  • Existing Limited Companies that are subject to regulations to trade on specific markets (e.g., Financial Regulations) and those who have issued an offering statement and list of securities.
  • Trustee Firms & any Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) Firms.
  • Companies with shareholders that are strongly inclined to be registered into a DAC.

Company Limited by Guarantee (CLG)

A Company Limited by Guarantee that does not have a Share Capital, is considered to be a publicly traded company that has a minimum of seven members. The liability of members is restricted to the amount they’ve committed to contributing to the company if it is closed, not exceeding the amount stated within the Memorandum. 

If a guaranteed firm has no share capital, members are not obliged to purchase any shares of the company. This type of structure is commonly utilized by many professional and charitable bodies. 

A Company Limited by Guarantee with a share capital can be described as a private entity with a maximum membership of 99. Members are liable in two scenarios: the amount which is unpaid on shares they hold, as well as the amount they’ve agreed to contribute to the company’s assets.

Branch Company

Establishing a well-structured Irish branch company will allow international customers to enjoy a safe legal structure, less bureaucracy, and easy access for access to the EU market. Numerous large multinational corporations have decided to choose Ireland as their corporate headquarters in Europe.

Any company with a registered address anywhere in the world can create the possibility of opening an Irish branch. It will register the name and address of its parent or you can opt to have the local branch name that is similar to the “Mother” company’s name. 

The Irish business register will include when the incorporation date was for the company’s parent. The trading of a company that is established is advantageous when in comparison to starting a brand-new Irish business. 

This information will be required to register a branch:

  • Copy of foreign corporation’s Memorandum or Articles Association or similar documents with an apostille
  • A duplicate of the incorporation certificate
  • A director’s list
  • The addresses and names of an individual living in Ireland is authorized to accept the information as a representative of the firm
  • Service of the notices of any kind to be served to the company
  • Address of the branch office of the company in Ireland (we can provide this service)

The nation of incorporation and the country where the parent corporation is incorporated, these documents have to be authenticated or certified. If the documents of the company do not appear written in English or Irish an additional notarized translator is needed.

Unlimited Company (UC)

Before the time that 2014, when the newly-enacted Companies Act 2014 was inducted, Unlimited firms were only liable for 2% of all firms in Ireland since establishing a firm with unlimited liability wasn’t an option that was appealing to a lot of stakeholders.

However, the need to create Unlimited Companies is growing since the Companies Act 2014 introduced the obligation to Limited Companies to file their financial statements with the CRO as well as make their financial information available (including director’s pay and contributions to pensions) that are in public view.

Benefits of an Unlimited Company:

  • Unlimited liability.
  • The Company Constitution document.
  • Minimum it should possess two directors. 
  • The number of directors is not limited by how many members. If the Unlimited Company carries two or more partners, it should have an Annual General Meeting.
  • The name of the firm ends with “Unlimited Company” or “Cuideachta Neamhtheoranta”.

Public Limited Company (PLC)

A Public Limited Company is generally created when a firm plans to become publicly traded on the Stock Exchange. This is to assure that the firm can sell its shares open to everyone. 

A PLC can be a shareholder in any number but must be able to have a minimum of seven. Their penalty is only restricted to the amount that is not paid on shares owned by them. 

The nominal value of the associated share capital should not exceed EUR38,092.14 at least 25% should be fully paid before the firm begins operations or exercises borrowing power. Stocks of PLCs are easily transferable, and they could be purchased and sold in a quick time. 

Limited Partnership Company (LP)

Contrary to an LTD company, it is a Limited Partnership that is not a separate legal entity to its owners. It is governed by the Limited Partnerships Act and is one of the elderly traditional frameworks based in Ireland. 

The law states there are two to three natural or corporate entities that may make up the limited partnerships. An LP is composed of a general partner as well as at least one limited partner and not more than 20 people. 

The general partner can assume unlimited liability for the firm’s debts and the penalty of the restricted partners is particular to the number that they endorse to the capital. The general partner has management rights over the business, while the limited partner(s) are not entitled to the same rights.

Note: The general partner should reside in Ireland. Republic of Ireland and the limited partner could be a non-resident of the country.

Sole Trader

A lot of people who are starting their own companies opt to register as sole traders rather than a limited business because it’s relatively low-cost and simple to establish. We can help you get your business name registered through the company’s registration office (CRO).

However, it is crucial to remember that there is no security for a sole trader’s industry name. Only limited companies can register an official business name which blocks other companies from using the identical name. 

Sole traders don’t have any liability limitations because the business isn’t considered an independent legal entity distinct from the individuals who run it.

Note: To be listed as a sole trader within Ireland the applicant should be an Irish citizen.


It has been long recognized as a desirable European location to set up any types of companies in Ireland. Ireland has long consistently welcomed foreign-owned companies and is placed to continue to do this.

If you wish to set up any types of companies in Ireland, Odint Consultancy can help you to choose the correct type of legal entities in Ireland & make your move to Ireland feasible.


It is any business, that is Industrial and Provident Society incorporated in Ireland. That comprise Private Limited Companies, Public Limited Companies, Designated Activity Companies, Companies Limited by Guarantee as well as Private Unlimited Companies

A private limited company that is governed by shares can be the frequently employed Irish company type used for private and commercial businesses.

Nearly 1,000 multinational firms have chosen Ireland as their preferred European base because of our business-friendly environment and competitive tax rates. Ireland is home to among the lowest corporate tax rates across Europe at 12.5%.

If you’re a non-EU/EEA and not a Swiss national, and you would like to establish an investment or business in Ireland then you may apply for approval through the Immigration Investor Programme and Start Up Entrepreneur Program.