Dividends in Poland

In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the intricacies of dividends in Poland, exploring what they are, the benefits they offer as well as taxation considerations.


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    dividends in poland


    Poland has grown to be a desirable place for foreign investors and business entrepreneurs due to its expanding economy and advantageous location within Europe. Dividends, among the many investment options offered in Poland, are a major draw for those looking for a steady income and long-term development potential. 

    In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the intricacies of dividends in Poland, exploring what they are, the benefits they offer, taxation considerations, how to invest in dividend-paying stocks, and crucial factors to consider before diving into the Polish market.

    What are Dividends in Poland?

    Dividends are sums of money given to shareholders by a firm from its profits. When a Polish company generates a profit, it can choose to reinvest some of it back into the business for growth, while allocating another portion for distribution to shareholders as dividends. These payouts represent a return on investment for shareholders, compensating them for their share of the ownership. Dividends can be paid out in cash, though some companies might opt for stock dividends, issuing additional shares to shareholders.

    Advantages of Investing in Dividend-Paying Stocks in Poland

    Investing in dividend-paying stocks in Poland offers several advantages for foreign investors:

    • Steady Income Stream: Unlike capital gains, which can be erratic, dividends offer a steady and consistent stream of income. This makes it possible for investors to create a passive income stream and arrange their money more skillfully.
    • Attractive Yields: Companies with robust dividend yields in the Polish stock market frequently offer higher rates than those seen in other developed countries. For overseas stockholders, this might mean a larger return on investment.
    • Company Stability: Generally, well-established and financially secure companies are those that pay dividends on time. This focus on shareholder returns suggests a company’s confidence in its long-term prospects, offering investors a sense of security.
    • Market Diversification: Including Polish dividend-paying stocks in your portfolio allows you to diversify your holdings and potentially mitigate risks associated with a single market’s performance.

    Taxation of Dividends in Poland

    Understanding Polish dividend taxation is crucial for foreign investors:

    Withholding Tax Rate 

    Polish law generally imposes a 19% withholding tax on dividends paid by Polish companies to both residents and non-residents. The corporation that distributes the dividend automatically deducts this tax at the source.

    Tax Exemptions for Residents and Non-Residents:

    • Residents: Polish residents can claim tax relief on dividends received, effectively eliminating the 19% withholding tax. However, this requires filing a tax return in Poland.
    • Non-Residents: Tax treaties between Poland and other countries can often reduce or eliminate the withholding tax rate for non-resident investors. Double taxation agreements play a crucial role here, aiming to prevent investors from being taxed twice on the same income. Consulting a tax advisor familiar with Polish tax regulations and relevant tax treaties is highly recommended.

    Poland-EU/EEA Tax Treatment 

    Dividends distributed by a Polish company to a parent company located in another EU/EEA member state are generally exempt from Polish withholding tax, provided certain conditions are met. This exemption is based on the European Union’s Parent-Subsidiary Directive, promoting the free movement of capital within the bloc.

    How to Make Investments in Dividend-Paying Stocks in Poland?

    Foreign investors have multiple avenues for investing in Polish dividend-paying stocks:

    • Direct Investment: You can directly purchase shares of Polish companies on the Warsaw Stock Exchange (WSE), the country’s main stock exchange. Opening a brokerage account with a reputable Polish broker allows you to participate in the market.
    • Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs): Investing in Poland-focused ETFs provides a diversified exposure to the Polish stock market, including dividend-paying companies. This option offers convenience and potentially lower management fees compared to actively picking individual stocks.
    • Mutual Funds: A number of mutual funds make investments in Polish businesses; some of them concentrate only on dividend-paying equities. The expert management knowledge in this way can be advantageous to investors who would prefer a more hands-off approach.

    Things to Consider When Investing in Dividends in Poland

    While Polish dividend-paying stocks offer attractive benefits, careful consideration is essential:

    • Company Analysis: Don’t solely focus on dividend yield. Prior to making an investment, evaluate the company’s financial standing, potential for future growth, and dividend sustainability. If there are concerns regarding the stability of the company’s finances, a high yield could be cause for concern.
    • Currency Fluctuations: Polish stocks are denominated in Polish Złoty (PLN). Your total return may be impacted by changes in the exchange rate between PLN and your home currency.
    • Tax Implications: Take into account your residency status and any relevant tax treaties while researching the tax ramifications of investing in Polish dividends.


    Investing in dividend-paying stocks in Poland presents an enticing opportunity for foreign business entrepreneurs and investors seeking stable income streams, long-term growth potential, and portfolio diversification. With a robust regulatory framework, dynamic economy, and attractive tax incentives, Poland continues to emerge as a prime destination for international investors looking to capitalize on its vibrant market.

    As you navigate the intricacies of dividend investing in Poland, remember to evaluate risks, do in-depth research, and monitor market trends. By leveraging the benefits of dividend-paying stocks and adopting a prudent investment approach, you can unlock growth opportunities and contribute to the thriving Polish economy.


    Yes, dividends distributed by Polish companies are subject to a withholding tax rate of 19%, which is deducted at the source before being paid out to shareholders.

    Depending on bilateral tax agreements and residency status, foreign investors may be qualified for tax exemptions or lower withholding tax rates on dividend income received in Poland.

    Before investing in dividends in Poland, consider factors such as economic and political stability, currency risk, regulatory environment, and diversification strategies to optimize your investment decisions and mitigate risks.