Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): Characteristics & Registration

Number of entrepreneurs are choosing for Limited Liability Partnerships. Lets Understand why that is? All the pros and Cons and procedure of registration is explained in this article.


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    Limited Liability Partnership or llp

    The latest craze that has emerged recently is that an increasing number of entrepreneurs are choosing for Limited Liability Partnerships. But, first, let us understand what does limited liability partnership means.

    The dilemma of infinite responsibility exists in a conventional limited partnership structure. Associates’ financial possessions are covered by their company’s obligations. For many businesses, this makes traditional collaborations unappealing.

    Limited Liability Partnership (LLP)

    As the term implies, associates have privately limited in the firm, which implies that their financial possessions would not be used to cover the account’s payables.

    It is becoming a very widely used form of company in recent years, with several businessmen choosing for it. Because there are several participants in the company, they are not accountable or answerable for the actions of everyone else. Everyone is accountable for their own acts.

    It is a corporate organization that operates independently of its proprietors. It has the capacity to penetrate into contracts and purchase sole proprietorship. It can also be found in nations such as the United Kingdom, United States, India, Australia, and many more.

    Limited liability partnership meaning

    According to the Law, the Limited Liability Partnership is stated as “A large business instrument that allows expert expertise and innovative energy to merge and function in a creative, imaginative, and productive way, enabling participants to organize their structural properties as a collaboration while giving limited liability advantages.”

    Characteristics of Limited Liability Partnership

    Characteristics of Limited Liability Partnership llp
    • Profits are distributed: Limited liability partnership participants share the profits in the same way that conventional business associates do. They are, nevertheless, allowed to choose the profitability ratio that they will use.
    • Shareholders’ responsibility is restricted: An LLP’s members’ responsibilities are distinct and restricted. In the event that the LLP is wound up or suffers particular legal repercussions of repayments, their financial wealth will not be subject to collection. In circumstances of deception, the conduct of an infraction, or any other improper and unlawful act, nevertheless, associates’ obligations might become unlimited. 
    • Associates in Limited Liability Partnerships: A limited liability partnership’s associates can be available to individuals, such as people, or perhaps even corporations. Additionally, a person could be a partner if he is mentally ill or financially bankrupt.
    • An organization with its own legal status: Limited liability partnerships, unlike conventional joint-stock companies, are recognized as independent entities. LLPs can own property and bear responsibilities in their own identities as a result of this. They can also negotiate, litigate, and be accused in their own identities.

    Pros & Cons of Limited liability partnership


    • The firm’s administration: The company and its employees oversee and carry out all of the firm’s choices and control strategies. In comparison to the management board, investors have extremely little authority.
    • There is no requirement for a mandatory inspection: Each corporation must employ an inspector to oversee the organization’s corporate administration and accounting. In the case of LLPs, nevertheless, there is no requirement for a mandated inspection.
    • Responsibility: The LLP’s members have a personal partnership, which means they are not responsible for paying the business assets out of their own wealth. No spouse is liable for the misbehavior or wrongdoing of another.
    • Levies: It is an advantage of LLP. Certain levies, such as the company dividend tax and the minimal substitute tax, do not apply to limited liability partnerships. When opposed to a corporation, the income tax on a Limited Liability Partnership is lower.
    • Forming is simple: Creating an LLP is a simple procedure. It is not as sophisticated or time-taking as a firm’s procedure. The lowest amount of compensation for forming an LLP is Rs 500, with the highest value of Rs 5600 available.


    • Absence of acknowledgment: It causes a stumbling block to the efficient operation of the company due to its lack of acknowledgment. Individuals are less likely to establish a limited liability partnership (LLP).
    • Low trustworthiness: One of the most significant disadvantages of a Limited Liability Partnership is that several individuals do not regard it as a legitimate firm. Consumers still place a higher value on corporate entities.
    • Interest transport: Although equity and property can be shifted, the approach is generally lengthy. To comply with the authority’s terms, several procedures and requirements are essential.
    • All regions are not supported: Several countries ban the establishment of LLPs in their jurisdictions due to multiple tax perks and restrictions. This is a drawback because many countries do not permit businessmen to start this type of business.
    • Lack of communication among associates: When it comes to decision making and agreements, the Limited Liability Partnership’s associates do not engage with each other.

    Limited Liability Partnership Act

    Following the legislature’s approval, the limited liability partnership legislation was drafted on October 21, 2008. On January 7, 2009, it gained the government’s signature. The Limited Liability Partnership Act of 2008 took effect on March 31, 2009.

    This was undertaken to provide for the establishment and administration of limited partnerships, as well as things pertaining to or supplementary to them. The Act’s authority is explicitly stated in Section 1 of the Act.

    Limited Liability Partnership Registration

    DSC – Digital Signature Certificate:

    The very initial stage in establishing an LLP is to get electronic documents from all of the LLP’s listed entities. Because the LLP’s paperwork is submitted electronically, a digital signature is necessary. Biometric templates are included in these records, which assist in the approval process. Authorized government entities can provide the requisite digital signatures. The cost of acquiring a DSC required depends on the certifying authority to which the candidate has applied.

    Placing the title:

    To be established as a potential LLP, the candidate must get a Partnership Distinctive identity, which can be processed at the District Registration Department. Nevertheless, this is always a good idea to verify the Department of Corporate Affairs portal for a registered name before mentioning or referencing it. It will provide a number of organizations having identities that are essentially equivalent to the proposed LLP. Once you’ve decided on a title, the registrant must authorize it because it isn’t too identical to any other LLP. The LLP-RUN should be submitted with a fee before being transmitted to the register for verification.

    Formation of the Limited Liability Partnership:

    A form must be filled out and delivered to the registrant in order to form a limited liability partnership. It is necessary to pay fees. Only two people will be able to apply for permission for an allocation.

    Sign a Limited Liability Partnership Contract and submit it:

    The associates’ respective roles and obligations are governed by this contract. On the digital platform, you can submit the contract in Form 3 digitally. After 30 days of the date of formation, Form 3 for the Partnership deed must be submitted. The LLP Contract must be written in Prescribed Format, and each jurisdiction has its own stamped document.

    Difference between LLC and LLP

    LLP vs Other business structures

    Feature LLC LLP
    Name Limited liability company
    Limited liability partnership
    Liability protection Members’ liability is limited to their investment in the LLC Partners’ liability is limited to their investment in the LLP, except for their own negligence
    Taxation Can be taxed as a sole proprietorship, partnership, S corporation, or C corporation Must be taxed as a partnership
    Management Can be managed by members or managers Must be managed by partners
    Continuity of life Can continue to exist even if a member leaves or dies Dissolves when a partner leaves or dies, unless the remaining partners agree to continue the business
    Transferability of interests Interests can be freely transferred Interests can be transferred, but the consent of all partners is usually required
    Formalities Relatively few formalities required More formalities required than an LLC

    While limited liability partnerships and limited companies seem to be identified upon first sight the two have vast variations, they are as follows:

    • Limited liability partnerships do not have assets and cannot sell them to raise funds but other types of companies can.
    • A single individual can form a limited corporation and serve as both an investor and aboard. There must be at least two ‘specified’ individuals who are responsible for mandatory registration and other legislative considerations in a limited liability partnership, but there could be an infinite amount of ‘common’ representatives.
    • Non-profit organizations are adopting the form because corporations can be restricted by guarantee. LLPs, on the other hand, are only for enterprises that make money.
    • Limited liability partnerships pay the tax via self-assessment, whereas limited liability businesses pay corporate taxes.
    • A limited company’s inner core is rigid, but an LLP’s can be altered by its representatives.


    Numerous nations have LLPs, with varying levels of departure from the American model. In most nations, an LLP is a tax-efficient structure for experts who all play a share in the management of the company. Attorneys, auditors, managers, and builders are generally on a list of permitted occupations for LLPs. Liability coverage varies by country, however, LLPs in most nations insulate single associates from the wrongdoing of other associates.

    Contact our team at Odint Consultancy if you’re thinking about forming a limited liability partnership and need further information. We offer dependable, unbiased advice and will assist you in determining if this is the ideal form of business for your needs.


    You can only transform a personal or unpublished public corporation into an LLP.

    The LLP has a business model, and the procedure is carried out through a partnership act. In a standard body corporate, the partnership is formed liable for any outcomes, however, in this case, the associates have more latitude in their actions.

    An LLP differs from a general partnership primarily in terms of liability. In a general partnership, partners are personally responsible for the partnership’s debts and obligations, putting their personal assets at risk. In contrast, an LLP offers limited liability protection, shielding partners from being held personally accountable for the LLP’s financial liabilities beyond their invested capital.

    Some of the examples of limited liability partnership are Accounting, Real Estate, and Consulting.

    Yes, the limited liability partnership required to pay goods and services tax returns on regular basis.