Operating Profit: Definition & How to Calculate

Earnings Before Interests and Taxes (EBIT) is another term for operating profit (EBIT). To put it another way, profit is computed after deducting financing costs like interest and taxes paid to the government

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operating profit

What is Operating Profit?

When all of a business’s operational expenditures are removed from its revenues, profit is commonly defined as the balance. When the total books and costs are balanced and removed from revenues, profit is left.

Earnings Before Interests and Taxes (EBIT) is another term for operating profit (EBIT). To put it another way, profit is computed after deducting financing costs like interest and taxes paid to the government. Only operational expenditures, which are expenses incurred by a firm due to its usual business activities, are deducted from gross profit to determine operating profit. Many merchandisers are juggling stocks in reaction to influences impacting product price, cost of goods sold, volumes, and evolving product mix.

To put it another way, gross profits are required to cover operational costs, income taxes, and net earnings. The correct mix of pricing, product costs, and availability at the proper time is becoming increasingly difficult in certain enterprises. This frequently leads to understocking or overstocking, resulting in unrecoverable expenditures and/or missed opportunity costs that cut into profits.

Evaluating Operating Profitability

Operating income is a very dependable indicator of a company’s potential profitability since it removes all non-essential variables from the equation. The costs of keeping the business afloat are included.

As a result, depreciation and amortization connected with properties, accounting instruments deriving from a corporation’s operations, are included in operating income.

Operating profit differs from net profit, which can fluctuate year to year. Operating profits and EBIT are terms for taxable profit, although EBIT can also include non-operating income, which is not included in operating profit. When a company loses non-operating revenues, the operational pay is equivalent to the EBIT.

The approach used to measure operational profit is sometimes summarized as Gross Profit-Operating Expenses-Depreciation-Amortization, based on the Gross Income Formulas (Revenue-COGS).

Operating Profit Formula and Calculation

Operating Profit = Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold (COGS) – Operating Expenses – Depreciation & Amortization

Given the gross profit formula (Revenue – COGS), the operating profit formula is sometimes reduced to Gross Profit – Operating Expenses – Depreciation – Amortization.

Read more: Operating Profit Formulas

Important Terms

Voucher: A voucher is any written evidence that supports the entries reported in the account books and indicates the transaction’s accounting correctness.

Tender: When it comes to the business world, there is a great deal of dealing and exchanging products and services.

Growth-Share Matrix of BCG: The Growth-Share Matrix, developed by the Boston Consulting Group (BCG), is a planning tool that visually portrays a company’s goods and services to help management make educated decisions about what to sell, maintain, or invest more in.

Statement of Cash Flows: It is a financial statement that summarises all cash inflows a company receives from its ongoing operations and external sources of investment.

Big bath: A big bath in accounting refers to a company’s management team purposefully manipulating the income statement to make poor results appear worse to make future performance appear better.

Co-opetition: Co-opetition is a term that refers to a situation in which firms compete while also cooperating.

Read More: Difference Between Gross Profits, Net Income, And Operating Profit

Profit Or Cash Flow: Which Is More Important?

When it comes to assessing a company’s health, investors and business owners typically seek a single metric. They want to know what one number they should think about when determining whether to invest or adjust their business strategy. As two crucial and linked financial measures, cash flow and profit are frequently pitted against one another: Which is more crucial?

Cash flow and profit are vital in their ways. Therefore, there isn’t a straightforward solution to that issue. If you want to analyze a company’s financial health as an investor, business owner, key employee, or entrepreneur, you need to grasp both indicators and how they interact.

For example, a corporation might be successful while having a negative cash flow, limiting its capacity to pay bills, develop, and grow. As is the case with many startups and rising enterprises, a firm with positive cash flow and increased sales might nonetheless fail to generate a profit.

Profit and cash flow are only two of the hundreds of financial words, measures, and ratios you should know to make informed business decisions. It is possible to improve professionally and become a better investor or company owner by understanding important financial principles.

Read More: Profit Maximization

Relationship Between Operating Profit and Year-End Net Profit

Payments on debts, interest on loans, and one-time payments for exceptional occurrences like litigation are all expenses that affect net income but not operational profit. The principal payment is recorded as a decrease of the responsibility when it comes to debt payments. While interest on the loan will be recorded as an expense on the income statement in the periods when it is paid, it will be recorded as Notes Payable or Loans Payable. 

On the income statement, interest expense is a non-operating expense; on the balance sheet, it is a non-operating expense. It denotes the amount of interest that will be paid on any borrowings, including bonds, loans, convertible debt, and credit lines.

It is calculated by multiplying the interest rate by the principal amount owed on the debt. A one-time item is a revenue increase, decrease, or expenditure that occurs just once. A remark that is one-time only and so not regarded part of a series of continuous business operations of the corporation. 

To obtain a precise estimate. Analysts and investors often ignore one-time factors when analyzing a company’s operating performance. Even though many one-time events harm profits or profit, certain one-time items positively impact.

Operating Profit vs. Gross Profit

Gross profit is the overall earnings of a business minus the costs directly associated with producing the commodities for sale.

Gross Profit = Revenues – Cost Of Goods Sold

Operating profit, which is derived from gross profit, is the revenue that is still left over after every company expense has been taken into consideration.

Operating Profit = Gross Profit – Operating Expenses – Depreciation – Amortization

What is not included in the Operating Profit?

Revenue generated from the sale of assets isn’t included in the operational profit calculation except for any things made specifically to be sold as part of the main company. Also excluded is interest received from cash accounts like checking or money market accounts.

When calculating operational profit, it is permissible to exclude production expenses from total operating income together with any costs related to depreciation and amortization; however, the calculation doesn’t take into account any debt responsibilities that are required to be paid. This is true even if fulfilling such responsibilities is crucial to the organization’s capacity to continue running its regular operations.

Operating income cannot encompass investment income from a partial stake in another company’s operations even though the investment revenue is intimately connected to the second company’s primary operations. The sale of assets like properties and manufacturing machinery is also excluded because it is not an aspect of the company’s main operations.


Operating profits relate to an accounting measure that determines the earnings of an organization from its primary business activities after deducting interest and tax payments. A positive operating profit denotes that a business’s ongoing activities are bringing in more money than they are spending, which demonstrates great operational performance. It shows that the business is capable of properly handling its resources and keeping costs under control, which is essential for long-term viability.
If you have any further queries regarding operating profits, consult with our business experts at Odint Consulting.

Read More: General LedgerCash Book


Yes, Operating Profit might be negative. This happens when the COGS is more than the revenue of the company.

No, operating profit and EBITDA are not the same, they both convey different information.

Except for things manufactured specifically to be sold as part of the main company, revenue generated from asset sales is not included in the operating profit calculation. It also doesn’t take into account interest earned on cash accounts like checking and money market accounts, as well as any debt obligations that must be met. Finally, it excludes investment revenue derived from a fractional ownership share in another firm.

The formula used for calculating Operating Profit is discussed below:

Operating Profit = Gross Profit – Operating Expenses – Depreciation – Amortization

The operating income is listed on the income report or can be computed using the formula revenue – the cost of goods sold (COGS) – operating expenses – depreciation – amortization. The operating profit margin can be computed by dividing operating profits by revenue.

Operating profits offer an accurate assessment of the company’s overall health and profitability of day-to-day activities. This is due to the fact that it only takes into account the revenues and costs necessary for regular business operations.