Start a Sole Proprietorship in the Netherlands

This post provides you information about how to setup a Sole proprietorship in the Netherlands. Read now.

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Start a Sole Proprietorship in the Netherlands

Nestled in the heart of Europe, the Netherlands presents an enticing blend of vibrant culture, progressive economic policies, and a rich history of trade and entrepreneurship. For budding entrepreneurs, the Dutch business landscape offers a plethora of opportunities, especially for those considering a straightforward and flexible business model. The sole proprietorship stands out as an appealing choice for many. This business structure offers simplicity in formation, minimal regulatory requirements, and direct control over all business operations. 

Want to start a sole proprietorship in Canada? Read our guide to know the complete process, benefits, and considerations to keep in mind as you embark on your entrepreneurial journey in this dynamic European nation.

Who is Eligible to Become a Sole Proprietor in the Netherlands?

It’s critical to comprehend who is qualified to form a sole proprietorship in the Netherlands before delving into the specifics of this business structure. In the Netherlands, both Dutch residents and non-residents can become sole proprietors, making it accessible to a broad range of individuals. Whether you’re a local or a foreigner looking to establish your business in the Netherlands, you can opt for the sole proprietorship structure.

Benefits of Dutch Sole Proprietorship

The benefits of Dutch Sole Proprietorship are given below:

  • Simplified Administration: Sole proprietors have less administrative burden compared to other business structures, such as corporations. You’ll enjoy a more straightforward process for taxation and reporting.
  • Full Control: As a sole proprietor, you retain complete control over your business decisions, allowing for greater flexibility and autonomy.
  • Minimal Startup Costs: The initial costs of setting up a sole proprietorship are relatively low, making it a desirable choice for business owners with limited capital.
  • Tax Benefits: The Netherlands offers favourable tax benefits to sole proprietors, which can lead to significant savings.
  • Simple Dissolution: If you choose to shut down your company, dissolution of a sole proprietorship is a straightforward process.

Documents Required to Start a Dutch Sole Proprietorship

To get your sole proprietorship off the ground, you’ll need to gather essential documents. The required documents to incorporate a Dutch Sole trader are:

  • Valid ID: A valid passport or identity card is necessary for proof of identity.
  • Business Plan: A well-organized company plan that details your objectives and tactics is essential.
  • Chamber of Commerce Registration: You must register your company with the Dutch Chamber of Commerce, also known as the KvK (Kamer van Koophandel).
  • Tax Identification Number (TIN): Obtain a TIN for tax purposes from the Dutch tax authorities (Belastingdienst).

Other Criteria for Registering a Sole Proprietorship in the Netherlands

In addition to the required documents, there are a few other criteria you should be aware of:

Legal Age: To become a sole proprietor in the Netherlands, you must be at least 18 years old.

Residency: While non-residents can establish a sole proprietorship, you should be aware of any specific visa requirements if you plan to reside in the Netherlands.

Company Name: Choose an original company name that complies with Dutch naming regulations.

How to Start a Sole Proprietorship in the Netherlands?

Once you have gathered the necessary documents and meet the eligibility criteria, follow these steps to register your Dutch Sole Proprietorship:

  1. Selecting a Company name: 

One of the first steps to start a sole proprietorship in the Netherlands is to select a name for your business. The name selected should not be misleading or confusingly similar to the names of any already registered firms.

  1. Gather documentation: 

Once the names are selected, the second step to start a sole proprietorship involves gathering the required documents, such as identification documents and proofs of address.

  1. Register with the Chamber of Commerce (KvK): 

Once the documents are collected you must register your sole proprietorship with the Dutch KVK. In addition to that, you must pay a one-time fee of € 75. Upon registration, you’ll get a KvK number which is essential for your business transactions.

  1. Receive a VAT (Value Added Tax) Number:

After registering with the KvK, the Dutch Tax and Customs Administration will provide you with a VAT identification number if you’re liable for VAT. This number should be used on your invoices and website.

  1. Open a Business Bank Account:

You can also open a business bank account to keep your personal and business finances distinct and manage your business more efficiently. 

You may receive help from our professionals at OnDemand International for opening a company bank account in the Netherlands.

  1. Get the Necessary Permits and Licenses:

Based on the kind of company you are operating, you might require various permits as well as licenses. For example, if you’re operating a restaurant, you will require permits related to food safety, liquor sales, etc.


Starting a sole proprietorship in the Netherlands is a streamlined process that involves selecting a business name, registering with the Chamber of Commerce, and meeting tax obligations. While the steps are straightforward, potential entrepreneurs should be aware of the nuances related to VAT, permits, and financial record-keeping. 

You can talk to experts from OnDemand International if you want to register a sole proprietorship in the Netherlands. With years of experience, our experts will assist you in choosing a business name for your company and make sure your business is registered in compliance with the laws.


To start a sole proprietorship in the Netherlands, you must first register with the KVK.

Profits from a sole proprietorship must be taxed on an income basis. The Netherlands has several income tax rates for lone proprietors based on the revenue generated. For sole proprietors, the income tax rate in 2023 is 36.93% for profits under €73,031 and 49.50% for revenues beyond €73,031.

No, there is no minimum capital requirement to start a sole proprietorship in the Netherlands.