Special Dividend – Definition, Significance With Example

A special dividend, is a one-time payment of corporate assets to stakeholders, mainly in the form of money. It is generally bigger than regular dividends handed out by the firm.


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    What Is A Special Dividend?

    When talking about a special dividend, is a one-time payment of corporate assets to stakeholders, mainly in the form of money. It is generally bigger than regular dividends handed out by the firm and is frequently targeted to a particular occasion such as a property sale or different windfall events. Additional dividends are another name for special payouts. Another name for special dividends is extra dividends.

    Significance Of Special Dividend

    These types of dividends declared are typically following extraordinarily excellent business profitability results to transfer gains directly to stakeholders. These dividends can also be paid out when a firm wants to spin off a subsidiary firm to its stakeholders or modify its economic position.

    The extra dividend is typically a one-time payout, and a corporation rarely receives numerous special dividends. They have some disadvantages, such as lowering the firm’s price of shares by the payout amount. If a shareholder then trades their shares immediately after the dividend payouts at a cheaper price, the advantage of the special dividend won’t remain the same.

    Certain investors also assume that if a firm declares an extra dividend, it is short of potential growth and, as a result, they may lose faith in the shares.

    An example of an extra dividend is when Microsoft paid one of the most well-known extra dividends in the year 2004. The corporation declares a $3 per share dividend, for a sum of $32B. Its regular dividend payout was $0.04 per share.

    Examples Of A Special Dividend

    Let’s consider an example to understand Special Dividend better. For instance, in the year 2017, the company Red Bull paid out 600M euros as an extra dividend. Apart from this, Red Bull had also paid a regular dividend of 363.5M euros in 2016. Then Red Bull later has a great year, selling more than 8 billion energy drink cans, and bringing in a profit of 8.3B euros. The value of a special dividend comes out so because of the powerful performance of the business in its fiscal year.

    A special dividend can also result apart from the business performance of a firm. Let’s consider another example, in the year 2018, a firm based in North Carolina, BB&T declared an extra dividend to its stakeholders with the cash it reflected it would be safe from CTR reduction. Then the firm submitted a one-time dividend payment of 0.045 cents for every common share on 30th March 2018. The extra dividend was additional to the company’s standard $0.33 per common share dividend submitted on 31st March 2018.

    Special Dividends And Traditional Dividends

    An extra dividend is one-time only, whereas standard dividends are normally paid continuously (e.g., quarterly, or monthly). The option to distribute dividends over certain durations and payout prices is made by a firm’s directorial board. A steady dividend policy goal payout proportion, residual dividend concept, or continuous payout ratio, are examples of these.

    New businesses and other rapidly growing companies pay dividends less frequently than established corporations in fields like basic commodities, oil and gas, banking and finance, pharmaceuticals and healthcare, and utilities. Software firms, for instance, frequently declare deficits in their formative days and must reinvest any capital gains to support their growth.

    Bigger and established businesses with more dependable profitability, on the other hand, tend to pay out dividend payments to derive maximum equity. Leading dividend payers include companies constituted as real estate investment trusts (REITs) and master limited partnerships (MLPs). Businesses that incorporate a special payout to their payout schedule are indicating their trust in the company and stating that they will keep producing value for stakeholders without hoarding extra cash.


    This was all about special dividends. As we have reached the end of our article, we hope that all your doubts regarding special dividends are clear now, and you have understood the whole concept. In case of doubts or assistance based on any financial service, please contact us at ODINT Consulting.


    A special dividend is a one-time payment of corporate assets to stakeholders, generally in the form of money.

    An extra or special dividend is a single-time payout of business assets to shareholders, usually as cash. When stakeholders receive additional funds as a special dividend, they generally stay loyal to the business for a longer period.