Start a Ship Repair Company In Poland From The UK: Complete Guide

Are you a British entrepreneur looking to start a ship repair company in Poland from the UK? This guide will cover the procedure, costs and tax implication for registering a ship repairing business. Consult with our experts to register your business in Poland today and get experts assistance in opening your bank account there.


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    setting up a ship repair company in poland from the uk

    The ship repair market in Poland presents a lucrative opportunity for British entrepreneurs. Poland, known for its robust shipbuilding and repair industry, offers a strategic location, skilled workforce, and competitive costs, making it an attractive destination for UK businesses looking to expand. 

    This article will provide an in-depth guide on setting up a ship repair company in Poland from the UK, covering market insights, step-by-step setup processes, requirements, challenges, opportunities, costs, expert tips, and tax implications.

    The Polish Ship Repair Market: A Boon for UK Companies

    The ship repair sector in Poland is expanding significantly at the moment. Due to its strategic location along the main shipping lanes in the Baltic Sea, as well as its affordable labour costs and highly qualified staff, it is a desirable option for ship owners globally.

    Here’s what makes Poland particularly appealing to UK companies:

    • Cost Advantage: Poland provides notable cost advantages in terms of labour, shipyard fees, and overall operating expenses as compared to other European ship repair destinations.
    • Skilled Workforce: Due to Poland’s long history of shipbuilding and repair, there is a large pool of knowledgeable and experienced individuals in the country.
    • Modern Infrastructure: State-of-the-art machinery and technology are continuously added to Polish shipyards, guaranteeing superior repairs that satisfy global standards.
    • EU Membership: Establishing a business in Poland is made easier by streamlined procedures and the ease of conducting business with other EU members, such as the UK.

    Procedure for Establishing a Ship Repair Company in Poland for British Entrepreneurs

    1. Conduct Market Research

    Before venturing into the Polish ship repair market, it’s essential to perform comprehensive market research. Understand the local industry dynamics, identify potential competitors, and analyse customer needs. You can use this information to craft a strategic business plan specifically for the Polish market.

    2. Create a Business Plan

    A comprehensive business plan is necessary to steer your endeavour. Describe your target market, services provided, marketing plans, goals for your company, and projected financials. A strong business plan will be helpful when looking for partners or funding.

    3. Choose a Business Structure

    The third step for setting up a ship repair company in Poland from the UK involves selecting the legal framework for your business. The most popular business structures in Poland are limited liability companies (LLCs), partnerships, sole proprietorships, and joint stock companies. Foreign investors frequently favour LLCs because of their flexibility and minimal liability.

    4. Register Your Firm

    To legally operate in Poland, you must register your firm with the National Court Register (KRS). The articles of association of the business, information on the shareholders, and evidence of capital contributions are among the documents that must be submitted as part of the registration process. You can complete the registration online or through a notary.

    5. Obtain Necessary Permits and Licenses

    Ship repair businesses may need certain permits as well as licenses based on the services provided. Obtain the required operating, safety, and environmental permissions to ensure that you are in accordance with local legislation. 

    Challenges and Opportunities for UK Businesses Entering the Polish Ship Repair Market


    • Regulatory Compliance: For international business owners, navigating Poland’s convoluted regulatory environment can be difficult. It takes work to comprehend local legislation and acquire the required permits.
    • Cultural variations: There may be some initial difficulties while adjusting to Polish business methods and cultural variations. Success requires establishing trusting connections and being aware of regional traditions.
    • Competition: There are numerous recognised domestic and foreign competitors in Poland’s ship repair sector. Differentiating your services and maintaining high standards is essential to gain a competitive edge.


    • Expanding Market: Growing marine activity and government assistance are the main drivers of Poland’s ship repair industry’s consistent expansion. There are lots of chances for new competitors to take market share because of this.
    • Skilled Workforce: Poland has a workforce with experience in maritime services. Having access to skilled experts can improve service quality and increase operational effectiveness.
    • Advantageous location: Poland’s advantageous location in Europe allows for quick access to important ports and trade lanes. This geographic advantage might broaden your clientele and draw in foreign business.

    Expected Costs for Setting Up a Ship Repair Business in Poland for British Investors

    Setting up a ship repair business in Poland involves several costs that UK investors should consider:

    • Registration Fees: Company registration fees with the National Court Register (KRS) vary based on the legal structure chosen. Expect to pay around £250-£500 for registration and notary fees.
    • Permits and Licenses: The extent of your business determines how much it will cost to get the required licenses and permits. Budget approximately £1,000-£2,000 for this process.
    • Location and Facilities: Leasing or purchasing a ship repair yard will be a significant expense. Rental costs for industrial facilities vary, but you can expect to pay around £5,000-£10,000 per month for a suitable location. Purchasing property will involve higher upfront costs, potentially ranging from £100,000 to £500,000 or more.
    • Equipment and Technology: It is crucial to make investments in contemporary machinery and technology. Allocate a budget of £50,000-£200,000 for purchasing necessary tools and machinery.
    • Workforce Recruitment: There are expenses associated with advertising, recruiting firms, and training when it comes to hiring qualified personnel. Budget around £10,000-£20,000 for initial recruitment expenses.
    • Marketing and Promotion: Launching a marketing campaign to promote your services will require investment. Allocate approximately £5,000-£10,000 for marketing activities.
    • Operational Costs: Monthly operational costs, including salaries, utilities, and maintenance, will vary based on the scale of your operations. Budget around £20,000-£50,000 per month for these expenses.

    Expert Tips for UK Entrepreneurs on Launching a Ship Repair Business in Poland

    • Leverage Local Expertise: To negotiate the regulatory environment and comprehend market dynamics, work with regional consultants and attorneys. Their knowledge will assist you in avoiding possible problems.
    • Focus on Quality: To set your company apart from rivals, give priority to providing high-quality services. Invest in cutting-edge machinery, employ qualified experts, and follow global guidelines.
    • Build Relationships: Establish strong relationships with local suppliers, clients, and industry stakeholders. Networking and collaboration can lead to valuable partnerships and long-term contracts.
    • Understand Cultural Nuances: Familiarise yourself with Polish business culture and customs. Respecting local practices and building trust with your partners will facilitate smoother business operations.
    • Stay Informed: Stay informed on changes in the market, regulations, and industry trends. You can remain competitive and adjust to changing conditions by keeping yourself informed.

    Tax Implications and Incentives for UK Entrepreneurs Establishing a Ship Repair Company in Poland

    Tax Implications

    • Corporate Income Tax: The standard corporate income tax rate in Poland is 19%. Small companies with annual sales under €2 million, however, can be eligible for a lower rate of 9%.
    • Value Added Tax (VAT): The general VAT rate is 23%. Certain services and goods may qualify for reduced rates of 8% or 5%.
    • Withholding Tax: Payments made to non-residents for dividends, interest, and royalties may be liable for withholding tax, usually at a rate of 19%.


    • Investment Incentives: Poland provides a range of incentives for enterprises to invest, including grants, tax exemptions, and subsidies, provided they invest in particular industries or regions. Examine the incentives that are available to lower your setup costs.
    • Special Economic Zones (SEZs): Poland has Special Economic Zones (SEZs) that provide various tax benefits, such as exemptions from corporate income tax and lowered property taxes. Establishing a firm in a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) might have major financial advantages.
    • R&D Incentives: Businesses investing in research and development activities may qualify for tax deductions and grants. Consider investing in innovative technologies to leverage these incentives.


    Starting a ship repair business in Poland is a great way for business owners in the UK to get into a developing industry. You may effectively launch and expand your company in Poland by carrying out in-depth research, creating a smart business plan, and managing the legal environment. Despite certain obstacles, there are many of chances for expansion and financial success. 

    OnDemand International can guide you with company formation, acquiring office space, and setting up a business bank account. Get in touch with us right now to register your company in Poland’s developing economy and unlock the potential of the Polish ship repair market.


    The current corporate income tax rate in Poland is 19%.

    The most common legal entities are sole proprietorship, partnership, limited liability company (LLC), and joint-stock company. Foreign investors frequently favour LLCs because of their flexibility and minimal liability.

    SEZs offer reduced corporate income tax rates, simpler administrative procedures, and exemptions from property taxes.

    The Polish government provides grants and subsidies to foreign investors in the shipbuilding and repair industry who are engaged in R&D, infrastructure renovation, or environmental protection projects.